Why Boring is Beautiful in Forex Trading » Learn To Trade ...

Former investment bank FX trader: some thoughts

Former investment bank FX trader: some thoughts
Hi guys,
I have been using reddit for years in my personal life (not trading!) and wanted to give something back in an area where i am an expert.
I worked at an investment bank for seven years and joined them as a graduate FX trader so have lots of professional experience, by which i mean I was trained and paid by a big institution to trade on their behalf. This is very different to being a full-time home trader, although that is not to discredit those guys, who can accumulate a good amount of experience/wisdom through self learning.
When I get time I'm going to write a mid-length posts on each topic for you guys along the lines of how i was trained. I guess there would be 15-20 topics in total so about 50-60 posts. Feel free to comment or ask questions.
The first topic is Risk Management and we'll cover it in three parts
Part I
  • Why it matters
  • Position sizing
  • Kelly
  • Using stops sensibly
  • Picking a clear level

Why it matters

The first rule of making money through trading is to ensure you do not lose money. Look at any serious hedge fund’s website and they’ll talk about their first priority being “preservation of investor capital.”
You have to keep it before you grow it.
Strangely, if you look at retail trading websites, for every one article on risk management there are probably fifty on trade selection. This is completely the wrong way around.
The great news is that this stuff is pretty simple and process-driven. Anyone can learn and follow best practices.
Seriously, avoiding mistakes is one of the most important things: there's not some holy grail system for finding winning trades, rather a routine and fairly boring set of processes that ensure that you are profitable, despite having plenty of losing trades alongside the winners.

Capital and position sizing

The first thing you have to know is how much capital you are working with. Let’s say you have $100,000 deposited. This is your maximum trading capital. Your trading capital is not the leveraged amount. It is the amount of money you have deposited and can withdraw or lose.
Position sizing is what ensures that a losing streak does not take you out of the market.
A rule of thumb is that one should risk no more than 2% of one’s account balance on an individual trade and no more than 8% of one’s account balance on a specific theme. We’ll look at why that’s a rule of thumb later. For now let’s just accept those numbers and look at examples.
So we have $100,000 in our account. And we wish to buy EURUSD. We should therefore not be risking more than 2% which $2,000.
We look at a technical chart and decide to leave a stop below the monthly low, which is 55 pips below market. We’ll come back to this in a bit. So what should our position size be?
We go to the calculator page, select Position Size and enter our details. There are many such calculators online - just google "Pip calculator".

https://preview.redd.it/y38zb666e5h51.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=26e4fe569dc5c1f43ce4c746230c49b138691d14
So the appropriate size is a buy position of 363,636 EURUSD. If it reaches our stop level we know we’ll lose precisely $2,000 or 2% of our capital.
You should be using this calculator (or something similar) on every single trade so that you know your risk.
Now imagine that we have similar bets on EURJPY and EURGBP, which have also broken above moving averages. Clearly this EUR-momentum is a theme. If it works all three bets are likely to pay off. But if it goes wrong we are likely to lose on all three at once. We are going to look at this concept of correlation in more detail later.
The total amount of risk in our portfolio - if all of the trades on this EUR-momentum theme were to hit their stops - should not exceed $8,000 or 8% of total capital. This allows us to go big on themes we like without going bust when the theme does not work.
As we’ll see later, many traders only win on 40-60% of trades. So you have to accept losing trades will be common and ensure you size trades so they cannot ruin you.
Similarly, like poker players, we should risk more on trades we feel confident about and less on trades that seem less compelling. However, this should always be subject to overall position sizing constraints.
For example before you put on each trade you might rate the strength of your conviction in the trade and allocate a position size accordingly:

https://preview.redd.it/q2ea6rgae5h51.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=4332cb8d0bbbc3d8db972c1f28e8189105393e5b
To keep yourself disciplined you should try to ensure that no more than one in twenty trades are graded exceptional and allocated 5% of account balance risk. It really should be a rare moment when all the stars align for you.
Notice that the nice thing about dealing in percentages is that it scales. Say you start out with $100,000 but end the year up 50% at $150,000. Now a 1% bet will risk $1,500 rather than $1,000. That makes sense as your capital has grown.
It is extremely common for retail accounts to blow-up by making only 4-5 losing trades because they are leveraged at 50:1 and have taken on far too large a position, relative to their account balance.
Consider that GBPUSD tends to move 1% each day. If you have an account balance of $10k then it would be crazy to take a position of $500k (50:1 leveraged). A 1% move on $500k is $5k.
Two perfectly regular down days in a row — or a single day’s move of 2% — and you will receive a margin call from the broker, have the account closed out, and have lost all your money.
Do not let this happen to you. Use position sizing discipline to protect yourself.

Kelly Criterion

If you’re wondering - why “about 2%” per trade? - that’s a fair question. Why not 0.5% or 10% or any other number?
The Kelly Criterion is a formula that was adapted for use in casinos. If you know the odds of winning and the expected pay-off, it tells you how much you should bet in each round.
This is harder than it sounds. Let’s say you could bet on a weighted coin flip, where it lands on heads 60% of the time and tails 40% of the time. The payout is $2 per $1 bet.
Well, absolutely you should bet. The odds are in your favour. But if you have, say, $100 it is less obvious how much you should bet to avoid ruin.
Say you bet $50, the odds that it could land on tails twice in a row are 16%. You could easily be out after the first two flips.
Equally, betting $1 is not going to maximise your advantage. The odds are 60/40 in your favour so only betting $1 is likely too conservative. The Kelly Criterion is a formula that produces the long-run optimal bet size, given the odds.
Applying the formula to forex trading looks like this:
Position size % = Winning trade % - ( (1- Winning trade %) / Risk-reward ratio
If you have recorded hundreds of trades in your journal - see next chapter - you can calculate what this outputs for you specifically.
If you don't have hundreds of trades then let’s assume some realistic defaults of Winning trade % being 30% and Risk-reward ratio being 3. The 3 implies your TP is 3x the distance of your stop from entry e.g. 300 pips take profit and 100 pips stop loss.
So that’s 0.3 - (1 - 0.3) / 3 = 6.6%.
Hold on a second. 6.6% of your account probably feels like a LOT to risk per trade.This is the main observation people have on Kelly: whilst it may optimise the long-run results it doesn’t take into account the pain of drawdowns. It is better thought of as the rational maximum limit. You needn’t go right up to the limit!
With a 30% winning trade ratio, the odds of you losing on four trades in a row is nearly one in four. That would result in a drawdown of nearly a quarter of your starting account balance. Could you really stomach that and put on the fifth trade, cool as ice? Most of us could not.
Accordingly people tend to reduce the bet size. For example, let’s say you know you would feel emotionally affected by losing 25% of your account.
Well, the simplest way is to divide the Kelly output by four. You have effectively hidden 75% of your account balance from Kelly and it is now optimised to avoid a total wipeout of just the 25% it can see.
This gives 6.6% / 4 = 1.65%. Of course different trading approaches and different risk appetites will provide different optimal bet sizes but as a rule of thumb something between 1-2% is appropriate for the style and risk appetite of most retail traders.
Incidentally be very wary of systems or traders who claim high winning trade % like 80%. Invariably these don’t pass a basic sense-check:
  • How many live trades have you done? Often they’ll have done only a handful of real trades and the rest are simulated backtests, which are overfitted. The model will soon die.
  • What is your risk-reward ratio on each trade? If you have a take profit $3 away and a stop loss $100 away, of course most trades will be winners. You will not be making money, however! In general most traders should trade smaller position sizes and less frequently than they do. If you are going to bias one way or the other, far better to start off too small.

How to use stop losses sensibly

Stop losses have a bad reputation amongst the retail community but are absolutely essential to risk management. No serious discretionary trader can operate without them.
A stop loss is a resting order, left with the broker, to automatically close your position if it reaches a certain price. For a recap on the various order types visit this chapter.
The valid concern with stop losses is that disreputable brokers look for a concentration of stops and then, when the market is close, whipsaw the price through the stop levels so that the clients ‘stop out’ and sell to the broker at a low rate before the market naturally comes back higher. This is referred to as ‘stop hunting’.
This would be extremely immoral behaviour and the way to guard against it is to use a highly reputable top-tier broker in a well regulated region such as the UK.
Why are stop losses so important? Well, there is no other way to manage risk with certainty.
You should always have a pre-determined stop loss before you put on a trade. Not having one is a recipe for disaster: you will find yourself emotionally attached to the trade as it goes against you and it will be extremely hard to cut the loss. This is a well known behavioural bias that we’ll explore in a later chapter.
Learning to take a loss and move on rationally is a key lesson for new traders.
A common mistake is to think of the market as a personal nemesis. The market, of course, is totally impersonal; it doesn’t care whether you make money or not.
Bruce Kovner, founder of the hedge fund Caxton Associates
There is an old saying amongst bank traders which is “losers average losers”.
It is tempting, having bought EURUSD and seeing it go lower, to buy more. Your average price will improve if you keep buying as it goes lower. If it was cheap before it must be a bargain now, right? Wrong.
Where does that end? Always have a pre-determined cut-off point which limits your risk. A level where you know the reason for the trade was proved ‘wrong’ ... and stick to it strictly. If you trade using discretion, use stops.

Picking a clear level

Where you leave your stop loss is key.
Typically traders will leave them at big technical levels such as recent highs or lows. For example if EURUSD is trading at 1.1250 and the recent month’s low is 1.1205 then leaving it just below at 1.1200 seems sensible.

If you were going long, just below the double bottom support zone seems like a sensible area to leave a stop
You want to give it a bit of breathing room as we know support zones often get challenged before the price rallies. This is because lots of traders identify the same zones. You won’t be the only one selling around 1.1200.
The “weak hands” who leave their sell stop order at exactly the level are likely to get taken out as the market tests the support. Those who leave it ten or fifteen pips below the level have more breathing room and will survive a quick test of the level before a resumed run-up.
Your timeframe and trading style clearly play a part. Here’s a candlestick chart (one candle is one day) for GBPUSD.

https://preview.redd.it/moyngdy4f5h51.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=91af88da00dd3a09e202880d8029b0ddf04fb802
If you are putting on a trend-following trade you expect to hold for weeks then you need to have a stop loss that can withstand the daily noise. Look at the downtrend on the chart. There were plenty of days in which the price rallied 60 pips or more during the wider downtrend.
So having a really tight stop of, say, 25 pips that gets chopped up in noisy short-term moves is not going to work for this kind of trade. You need to use a wider stop and take a smaller position size, determined by the stop level.
There are several tools you can use to help you estimate what is a safe distance and we’ll look at those in the next section.
There are of course exceptions. For example, if you are doing range-break style trading you might have a really tight stop, set just below the previous range high.

https://preview.redd.it/ygy0tko7f5h51.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=34af49da61c911befdc0db26af66f6c313556c81
Clearly then where you set stops will depend on your trading style as well as your holding horizons and the volatility of each instrument.
Here are some guidelines that can help:
  1. Use technical analysis to pick important levels (support, resistance, previous high/lows, moving averages etc.) as these provide clear exit and entry points on a trade.
  2. Ensure that the stop gives your trade enough room to breathe and reflects your timeframe and typical volatility of each pair. See next section.
  3. Always pick your stop level first. Then use a calculator to determine the appropriate lot size for the position, based on the % of your account balance you wish to risk on the trade.
So far we have talked about price-based stops. There is another sort which is more of a fundamental stop, used alongside - not instead of - price stops. If either breaks you’re out.
For example if you stop understanding why a product is going up or down and your fundamental thesis has been confirmed wrong, get out. For example, if you are long because you think the central bank is turning hawkish and AUDUSD is going to play catch up with rates … then you hear dovish noises from the central bank and the bond yields retrace lower and back in line with the currency - close your AUDUSD position. You already know your thesis was wrong. No need to give away more money to the market.

Coming up in part II

EDIT: part II here
Letting stops breathe
When to change a stop
Entering and exiting winning positions
Risk:reward ratios
Risk-adjusted returns

Coming up in part III

Squeezes and other risks
Market positioning
Bet correlation
Crap trades, timeouts and monthly limits

***
Disclaimer:This content is not investment advice and you should not place any reliance on it. The views expressed are the author's own and should not be attributed to any other person, including their employer.
submitted by getmrmarket to Forex [link] [comments]

42 Free Udemy & Best Selling Discounted : Python, Nodejs, Facebooks Ads, Power BI, Office 365 etc

Valid for 1 Day . Python, Nodejs, Facebooks Ads, Power BI, Office 365 & More
  1. 5h 7m Python for beginners - Learn all the basics of python https://www.udemy.com/course/python-for-beginners-learn-all-the-basics-of-python/?couponCode=180A32137151D99F7BFF
  2. 57m Get Started With NodeJS : For Beginners 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/get-started-with-nodejs-for-beginners-2020/?couponCode=BESTOFFRE2020
  3. 26h 11m GET on TOP of Real Estate Business with Facebook Ads in 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/facebook-ads-for-real-estate-business/?couponCode=ULTRATOP1
  4. 4h 46m Power BI - Data Analytics Essentials with Power BI https://www.udemy.com/course/data-analytics-essentials-with-power-bi/?couponCode=SAFENOVEMBER
  5. 12h 37m Learn User Experience Design from A-Z: Adobe XD UI/UX Design https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-user-experience-design-from-a-z/?couponCode=7A166B6ED6D3BF6110DE
  6. 3h 26m What are GAN's actually- from underlying math to python code https://www.udemy.com/course/what-are-gans-actually-from-underlying-math-to-python-code/?couponCode=B9343F3F62B37B33D709
  7. 5h 12m Easy learning C++ for beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/easy-learning-c-for-beginners/?couponCode=7E905C3CF12EAF8902AF
  8. 11h 10m Learn Microsoft Office 365 https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-microsoft-office-365/?couponCode=TRY10FREE401
  9. 10h 33m Advance Stock Options Trading Strategies (5 Courses) 10 Hour https://www.udemy.com/course/advance-option-strategies-bundle/?couponCode=1NOV20
  10. 5h 47m R Programming A-Z- R For Data Science and Statistics https://www.udemy.com/course/r-programming-a-z-r-for-data-science-and-statistics/?couponCode=COURSE2
  11. 1h 4m 21 Email Etiquette Rules Every Professional Should Follow https://www.udemy.com/course/email-writing-course/?couponCode=EMAIL2
  12. 2h 58m International Logistics & Transportation in Supply Chain. https://www.udemy.com/course/shipping-logistics-business-in-supply-chain-export-import/?couponCode=CF5BA0FCADFC858B52A8
  13. 9h 30m Automate the Boring Stuff with Python Programming https://www.udemy.com/course/automate/?couponCode=NOV2020FREE
  14. 44m Remote Teaching Online // How To Record Lectures at Home https://www.udemy.com/course/remote-teaching-how-to-record-lectures-at-home/?couponCode=DB9465AE25F8F1DBAA2B
  15. 42m The Role of Psychology in Enhancing Cybersecurity https://www.udemy.com/course/psychology-cybersecurity/?couponCode=724C4D19D2C57FC033CB
  16. 8h 11m Adobe Premiere Pro CC for Beginners - Master Class in Hindi https://www.udemy.com/course/adobe-premiere-pro-cc-for-beginners-master-class-in-hindi/?couponCode=E24260BFA4861262AA3B
  17. 46m Mindfulness For Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, Stress Sampler https://www.udemy.com/course/mindfulness-for-depression-anxiety-ptsd-stress-sample?couponCode=NOV12020
  18. 1h 19m A Motivational Course For Teachers 31 Days of Teacher Praise https://www.udemy.com/course/a-motivational-course-for-teachers-31-days-of-teacher-praise/?couponCode=NOV12020
  19. 2h 52m Learn 4 Steps to Make Money Online with Affiliate Marketing! https://www.udemy.com/course/make-money-with-affiliate-marketing-online/?couponCode=28DEF10A379BC9EB54ED
  20. 3h 34m The beginners guide to coding https://www.udemy.com/course/the-beginners-guide-to-coding/?couponCode=GETSTARTED1
  21. 1h 23m English grammar tenses & structures, the ultimate course https://www.udemy.com/course/english-grammar-tenses-structures-the-ultimate-course/?couponCode=NOVEMBERFIRST
  22. 3h 20m Mastering The Complete Agile Scrum Master Workshop https://www.udemy.com/course/mastering-agile-scrum-workshop/?couponCode=3AFADDDE9F95DEF77F64
  23. 10h 48m Learn G Suite https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-g-suite/?couponCode=TRY10FREE401
  24. 2h 35m Learn Microsoft Flow https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-microsoft-power-automate/?couponCode=TRY10FREE401
  25. 3h 24m Learn Visual Studio Code https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-visual-studio-code-v/?couponCode=TRY10FREE401
  26. 33h 56m Front End Web Development For Beginners (A Practical Guide) https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-front-end-development/?couponCode=TRY10FREE401
  27. 20h 2m Adobe Photoshop CC 2020 - Become a Super User - 10 Projects! https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-basic-photoshop/?couponCode=TRY10FREE401
  28. 2h 29m Learn Photo Editing with Photoshop 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-photo-editing-with-photoshop-2020/?couponCode=TRY10FREE401
  29. 2h 32m Learn Asana https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-asana-master-course/?couponCode=TRY10FREE401
  30. 4h 53m Adobe XD CC 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/adobe-xd-cc-2020-master-course/?couponCode=TRY10FREE401
  31. 7h 48m WordPress for Beginners: Create Your Own WordPress Website https://www.udemy.com/course/the-complete-wordpress-for-beginners-course/?couponCode=MYSTERY
  32. 5h 38m Complete Instagram Marketing Course: From 0-10,000 Followers https://www.udemy.com/course/instagrammarketingcourse/?couponCode=MYSTERY
  33. 32h 51m Digital Marketing Masterclass - 23 Courses in 1 https://freebiesglobal.com/digital-marketing-masterclass-23-courses-in-1
  34. 3h 12m Digital Marketing Automation: Save Time and Get More Done https://www.udemy.com/course/social-media-marketing-automation-course/?couponCode=MYSTERY
  35. 4h 53m YouTube Marketing: Grow Your Business with YouTube https://www.udemy.com/course/youtube-marketing-course/?couponCode=MYSTERY
  36. 5h 27m Content Marketing: Grow Your Business with Content Marketing https://www.udemy.com/course/content-marketing-for-beginners/?couponCode=MYSTERY
  37. 6h 41m Digital Marketing: Lead Generation & Sales Conversion Course https://www.udemy.com/course/digital-marketing-leads-conversion-course/?couponCode=MYSTERY
  38. 11h 16m DIY Advance Options Trading Strategies (5 Courses) 11 Hours https://www.udemy.com/course/options1/?couponCode=1NOV20
  39. 8h 58m Complete Javascript development Bootcamp 2020 with projects https://www.udemy.com/course/javascript-development-bootcamp-2020-wprojects/?couponCode=84451E371A84971A60D6
  40. 2h 44m Basics of Database Design & Development https://www.udemy.com/course/database-design-development/?couponCode=BASICSDBNOV2020
  41. 15h 57m The Complete C Developer Course - Build 7 Exciting Projects! https://www.udemy.com/course/the-complete-c-developer-course-build-7-exciting-projects/?couponCode=4129E8763D18D9360034
  42. 4h 16m Forex Scalping Strategy Course-Guide in Scalping the Forex https://www.udemy.com/course/forex-scalping-strategy-course-guide-in-scalping-the-forex/?couponCode=5E8B7EDD9D69DF1466CB
Popular Courses from $9.99

  1. BEST of Digital Marketing: #1 Digital Marketing Course 2021 $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/digital-marketing-2021/?couponCode=1NOV999 4 Days left at this price!
  2. 27h 55m AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate - 2020 [SAA-C02] $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/aws-certified-solutions-architect-associate-hands-on-labs/?couponCode=AWSNOV 4 Days left at this price!
  3. 390 questions AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate Practice Exams $12 https://www.udemy.com/course/aws-certified-solutions-architect-associate-practice-tests-k/?couponCode=AWSNOV 4 Days left at this price!
  4. 19h 3m Complete Google Certified Educator Level 1 Masterclass $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/complete-google-certified-educator-level-1-masterclass/?couponCode=THANKS2 4 Days left at this price!
  5. 26h 26m The Complete English Language Course Improve Spoken English $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/the-complete-english-language-course-improve-spoken-english/?couponCode=THANKS1 4 Days left at this price!
  6. 8h 9m Facebook Dynamic Ads (Facebook Dynamic Retargeting) MASTERY $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/facebook-dynamic-ads/?couponCode=1NOV999 4 Days left at this price!
  7. 42h 20m Project Management Professional Certification Program (PMP) $12.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/project-management-professional-certification-program-pmp/?couponCode=NOVOLEARN2020
  8. 37h 7m Risk Management for Business Analysts (PMI-RMP/IIBA-ECBA) $12.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/risk-management-for-business-analysts-pmi-rmpiiba-ecba/?couponCode=NOVOLEARN2020
  9. 31h 16m The Agile Methodology for Project Risk Managers $12.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/the-agile-methodology-for-project-risk-managers/?couponCode=NOVOLEARN2020
  10. 21h 6m The Agile Certified Practitioner Training Program (PMI-ACP) $12.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/the-agile-certified-practitioner-training-program-pmi-acp/?couponCode=NOVOLEARN2020
  11. 39h 52m BEST of SEO: #1 SEO Training & Content Marketing Course 2021 $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/seo-training-2021/?couponCode=1NOV999 2 Days left at this price!
  12. 56h 8m The Complete Digital Marketing Course for Local Businesses $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/local-digital-marketing/?couponCode=1NOV999 2 Days left at this price!
  13. 28hrs+ $19.49 [Code : AWSPROMO] AWS Solutions Architect Associate Ultimate Training Package (video course + practice exam course + ebook / training notes) – Digitalcloud https://learn.digitalcloud.training/aws-certified-solutions-architect-ultimate-exam-training?add-to-cart=20244&quantity=1&is_buy_now=1
  14. 12hrs+ $19.49 [Code : AWSPROMO] AWS Cloud Practitioner Ultimate Training Package (video course + practice exam course + ebook / training notes) – Digitalcloud https://learn.digitalcloud.training/aws-certified-cloud-practitioner-ultimate-exam-training?add-to-cart=21372&quantity=1&is_buy_now=1
submitted by ViralMedia007 to FREECoursesEveryday [link] [comments]

2k starting balance

Although i have been trading forex for quite some time, i never was happy with it, i love looking at charts and all, but forex compared to stock market is to me alot more boring and bland.
So I just recently made a switch to trading options.
I have researched quite a few strategies, but Iam still not sure what should i start with. I only deposited around 2k to my IBKR account to see how it goes, but Iam still not sure where to start.
Buying naked calls/puts doesnt seem like a great idea for someone with small account.
So Iam thinking about sticking with spreads, and maybe iron condors as those seem least risky from the bunch. I know i cant make huge profits with those, but i hope they will be most consistent out of all the others.
My question is what would you reccomend for someone like me?
Where did you guys start? And how profitable can one be playing spreads and iron condors?
Iam hoping to get around 10% a month return....
submitted by tinmarFF to options [link] [comments]

80+ FREE Udemy & Few Discounted

FREE & Discounted Udemy
  1. [English] 3h 47m Complete Ethical Hacking Certification Course: Zero to Hero https://www.udemy.com/course/complete-ethical-hacking-certification-course-zero-to-hero/?couponCode=11DEGA
  2. [English] 2h 49m Complete Cyber Security Masterclass: Beginner to Advance https://www.udemy.com/course/complete-cyber-security-masterclass-beginner-to-advance/?couponCode=JENJON
  3. [English] 3h 45m Complete Ethical Hacking Masterclass: Beginner to Advance https://www.udemy.com/course/complete-ethical-hacking-masterclass-beginner-to-advance/?couponCode=RAGAN-PP
  4. [English] 0h 32m SQL Injection Cyber Security Course https://www.udemy.com/course/sql-injection-cyber-security-course/?couponCode=SQL-AA
  5. [English] 1h 18m Healing Your Root Chakra https://www.udemy.com/course/healing-your-root-chakra/?couponCode=HYRCEEXPNOV52020
  6. [English] 0h 30m Change your mindset :Think it into existence https://www.udemy.com/course/change-your-mindset-think-it-into-existence/?couponCode=8E45BAB87F8B2EA2BF1B
  7. [English] 1h 54m Online Course Essentials - Online Course as Fast As Possible https://www.udemy.com/course/online-course-essentials-online-course-as-fast-as-possible/?couponCode=EB1081432EAECEA133F4
  8. [Arabic] 3h 22m Basics of Pricing (Arabic) سلسلة التسويق: أساسيات التسعير https://www.udemy.com/course/basics-of-pricing-arabic/?couponCode=FREE112020
  9. [English] 16h 8m SELL Like Hell: Facebook Ads for E-Commerce Ultimate MASTERY https://www.udemy.com/course/facebook-conversion-ads/?couponCode=TOP111
  10. [English] 32h 7m Python Bootcamp 2020 Build 15 working Applications and Games https://www.udemy.com/course/python-complete-bootcamp-2019-learn-by-applying-knowledge/?couponCode=NOVE01
  11. [Spanish] 27h 20m After Effects CC Masterclass - Actualizado a CC 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/after-effects-cc-la-guia-completa-para-crear-animaciones/?couponCode=GRATISNOV
  12. [Spanish] 3h 0m Excel Aplicado al Análisis Financiero https://www.udemy.com/course/excel-aplicado-al-analisis-financiero/?couponCode=GRATISNOV
  13. [English] 0h 59m How to Make Passive Income With Bitcoin Lending https://www.udemy.com/course/how-to-make-passive-income-with-bitcoin-lending/?couponCode=NOVFRW2020
  14. [English] 0h 56m The Acne Cure https://www.udemy.com/course/the-acne-cure/?couponCode=2D2AA93ED40A4159BA27
  15. [English] 0h 57m Learn Photoshop - Essential Training Course https://www.udemy.com/course/master-your-skills-in-photoshop/?couponCode=PHOTOSHOPFREE
  16. [English] 1h 44m How to Make Money Online for Beginners: Follow PROVEN STEPS! https://www.udemy.com/course/make-money-online-for-beginners/?couponCode=3A47650DF8EE4BF40254
  17. [English] 2h 36m EIQ-2 Teamwork Makes the Dream Work https://www.udemy.com/course/teamwork-eq2/?couponCode=EIQTMEXPNOV52020
  18. [English] 0h 59m Healing Your Sacral Chakra https://www.udemy.com/course/healing-sacral-chakra/?couponCode=HYSCEXPNOV52020
  19. [English] 2h 1m The Search For Self - Being Authentic https://www.udemy.com/course/be-authentic/?couponCode=TSFSBEXPNOV52020
  20. [English] 2h 7m EFT Your Fear of Public Speaking https://www.udemy.com/course/fear-of-public-speaking/?couponCode=EFTYREXPNOV52020
  21. [English] 1h 43m Requirements Architecture and Design Options (IIBA - ECBA) https://www.udemy.com/course/requirements-architecture-and-design-options-iiba-ecba/?couponCode=D17D04FAD03AC4222DCF
  22. [English] 1h 51m Operations Management: Operations and the Organization https://www.udemy.com/course/operations-management-and-the-organization/?couponCode=C61DDDE8738BDE810B32
  23. [English] 1h 41m Planning Stakeholder Engagement (PMI - PMP) https://www.udemy.com/course/planning-stakeholder-engagement-pmi-pmp/?couponCode=7215DC7F38E434F99258
  24. [English] 1h 25 Managing Stakeholder Engagement (PMI - PMP) https://www.udemy.com/course/managing-stakeholder-engagement-pmi-pmp/?couponCode=C39741ABFA56DB9ED50E
  25. [English] 1h 49m Reducing Waste and Streamlining Value Flow Using Lean https://www.udemy.com/course/reducing-waste-and-streamlining-value-flow-using-lean/?couponCode=08A47F5C122157273422
  26. [Spanish] 6h 45m YouTube Masterclass - La Guía Completa de Youtube https://www.udemy.com/course/youtube-masterclass-la-guia-completa-de-youtube/?couponCode=GRATISNOV
  27. [Spanish] 29h 51m Excel TOTAL - [2020] - VBA, Tablas Dinámicas, Dashboards y + https://www.udemy.com/course/excel-total-de-nada-a-todo-incluye-bva-y-macros/?couponCode=GRATISNOV
  28. [English] 4h 2m HTML & CSS - Certification Course for Beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/html-css-certification-course-for-beginners/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV02
  29. [English] 4h 0m Bootstrap & jQuery - Certification Course for Beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/bootstrap-jquery-certification-course-for-beginners/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV02
  30. [English] 1h 17m Entrepreneurship - Ft. Matthew Rolnick of Yaymaker, Groupon https://www.udemy.com/course/how-to-succeed-as-an-entrepreneur-a-beginners-guide/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV02
  31. [English] 0h 58m How to Install a Free SSL Certificate using Let's Encrypt https://www.udemy.com/course/fix-googles-new-not-secure-warning-with-lets-encrypt/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV02
  32. [English] 1h 31m Install NGINX, PHP, MySQL, SSL & WordPress on Ubuntu 18.04 https://www.udemy.com/course/install-nginx-php-mysql-ssl-wordpress-on-ubuntu/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV02
  33. [English] 1h 13m Learn to Host Multiple Domains on one Virtual Server https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-to-host-multiple-domains-on-one-virtual-serve?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV02
  34. [English] 4h 48m Build an Amazon Affiliate E-Commerce Store from Scratch https://www.udemy.com/course/build-an-amazon-affiliate-e-commerce-store-from-scratch/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV02
  35. [English] 4h 53m Persuasive Writing Ft. Two Forbes Contributors & Copywriters https://www.udemy.com/course/persuasive-writing-copywriting/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV02
  36. [English] 8h 0m Adobe Lightroom Masterclass - Beginner to Expert https://www.udemy.com/course/adobe-lightroom-masterclass-beginner-to-expert/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV02
  37. [English] 20h 21m Certified Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Training https://www.udemy.com/course/certified-lean-six-sigma-black-belt-training/?couponCode=SIGMA3
  38. [English] 23h 32m Ultimate Digital Marketing Masterclass - 17 Courses in 1 https://www.udemy.com/course/advance-digital-marketing-course/?couponCode=DIGITAL3
  39. [English] 18h 9m Adobe Photoshop Mega Course-From Beginner to Super Designer https://www.udemy.com/course/photoshop-mega-course-from-beginner-to-super-designe?couponCode=13355FF96BD7B716AD33
  40. [English] 1h 51m IP address Basics to Advance https://www.udemy.com/course/ip-address-basics-to-advance/?couponCode=UNLIMITEDFREE
  41. [English] 1h 21m Speak to Win and Influence https://www.udemy.com/course/speak-to-win-and-influence/?couponCode=568F8F80DDBCAC2FC1E6
  42. [English] 0h 37m The Advanced HTML 5 Course https://www.udemy.com/course/advanced-css-3-practical-course-2020/?couponCode=RIMAN-17
  43. [English] 0h 43m An Advanced JQuery Practical Course https://www.udemy.com/course/an-advanced-jquery-practical-course/?couponCode=HUINAAM
  44. [English] 0h 40m Learn JQuery Programming Practically https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-jquery-programming-practically/?couponCode=ANANAA
  45. [English] 0h 32m The HTML 5 Course 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/a-beginners-guide-to-learn-css-3-from-scratch/?couponCode=KOMEN-11
  46. [English] 3h 8m Digital Marketing Certification: Master Digital Marketing https://www.udemy.com/course/digital-marketing-seo-google-ads-google-analytics-monitoring/?couponCode=7B3E9737048B7B359125
  47. [English] 6h 3m Product Owner PSPO 1 Scrum Product Owner Certification Prep https://www.udemy.com/course/product-owner-course/?couponCode=FREE-LAUNCH
  48. [English] 2h 57m Learn Portuguese (from Portugal) - A1 & A2 levels https://www.udemy.com/course/aprender-portugues-de-portugal-nivel-iniciante/?couponCode=B4542AE9AFF07A57C58B
  49. [English] 0h 57m Become an UltraLearner: The #1 Study Framework for Success https://www.udemy.com/course/become-a-superlearner-learning-how-to-learn-studyskills-superbrain/?couponCode=SUPERLEARNER
  50. [English] 9h 50m Journalism -TV Reporters, News Anchors Look Great on TV https://www.udemy.com/course/on-camera-skills-for-tv-reporters-and-news-anchors/?couponCode=EEDBB19525AD0DEBFAA1
  51. [English] 16h 56m Tableau 2020 Certification Training (basic to advanced) https://www.udemy.com/course/tableau-certification-training/?couponCode=TABLEAU_FREE_UPLATZ
  52. [English] 4h 28m Microsoft Excel -Basic Excel/ Advanced Excel Formulas https://www.udemy.com/course/microsoft-excel-basic-excel-advanced-excel-formulas/?couponCode=F06DE6E3881DB100F10A
  53. [English] 8h 14m ICT Taskforce: Microsoft Office | Word Expert https://www.udemy.com/course/ict-taskforce-microsoft-office-word-expert/?couponCode=2ND_JOIN
  54. [English] 2h 27m The Complete Microsoft Excel Pivot Tables and Pivot Charts https://www.udemy.com/course/the-complete-microsoft-excel-pivot-tables-and-pivot-charts/?couponCode=PIVOTNOV02
  55. [English] 20h 17m Angular 8 Certification Training (basic to advanced level) https://www.udemy.com/course/angular-8-certification-training/?couponCode=ANGULAR_FREE_UPLATZ
  56. [English] 20h 16m Web Development Masterclass - Complete Certificate Course https://www.udemy.com/course/web-development-masterclass-complete-certificate-course/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV02
  57. [English] 30h 42m Body Language to Help Your Business Career https://www.udemy.com/course/body-language-for-business-people/?couponCode=A3A438C910E0AB8F73E6
  58. [English] 0h 53m Presentation Skills for Beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/presentation-skills-for-beginners/?couponCode=1A91D95447FDE0A43685
  59. [English] 1h 21m Teacher Training: Teachers Can Be Great Speakers https://www.udemy.com/course/how-teachers-and-educators-can-lecture-more-effectively/?couponCode=42E3EE6D8BEAA1CBA8FC
  60. [English] 2h 59m The Complete Motivation Course: Motivation for Your Success https://www.udemy.com/course/the-complete-motivation-course-motivation-for-your-success/?couponCode=EA056EA956B3F285D851
  61. [English] 1h 24m The Complete Google Forms Course - Sending & Analyzing Forms https://www.udemy.com/course/the-complete-google-forms-course-sending-analyzing-forms/?couponCode=221A0232CC03C18AAB9E
  62. [English] 3h 15m Complete Positive Psychology Course Master Positive Thinking https://www.udemy.com/course/complete-positive-psychology-course-master-positive-thinking/?couponCode=3181BED160E6DB2B997F
  63. [English] 0h 57m Public Speaking: Give a Great Retirement Speech! https://www.udemy.com/course/how-to-give-a-retirement-speech/?couponCode=A860C9F7185CBFBAC809
  64. [English] 4h 16m Forex Scalping Strategy Course-Guide in Scalping the Forex https://www.udemy.com/course/forex-scalping-strategy-course-guide-in-scalping-the-forex/?couponCode=5E8B7EDD9D69DF1466CB
  65. [English] 2h 44m Basics of Database Design & Development https://www.udemy.com/course/database-design-development/?couponCode=BASICSDBNOV2020
  66. [English] 8h 58m Complete Javascript development Bootcamp 2020 with projects https://www.udemy.com/course/javascript-development-bootcamp-2020-wprojects/?couponCode=84451E371A84971A60D6
  67. [English] 11h 16m DIY Advance Options Trading Strategies (5 Courses) 11 Hours https://www.udemy.com/course/options1/?couponCode=1NOV20
  68. [English] 3h 20m Mastering The Complete Agile Scrum Master Workshop https://www.udemy.com/course/mastering-agile-scrum-workshop/?couponCode=3AFADDDE9F95DEF77F64
  69. [English] 1h 23m English grammar tenses & structures, the ultimate course https://www.udemy.com/course/english-grammar-tenses-structures-the-ultimate-course/?couponCode=NOVEMBERFIRST
  70. [English] 3h 34m The beginners guide to coding https://www.udemy.com/course/the-beginners-guide-to-coding/?couponCode=GETSTARTED1
  71. [English] 2h 52m Learn 4 Steps to Make Money Online with Affiliate Marketing! https://www.udemy.com/course/make-money-with-affiliate-marketing-online/?couponCode=28DEF10A379BC9EB54ED
  72. [English] 1h 19m A Motivational Course For Teachers 31 Days of Teacher Praise https://www.udemy.com/course/a-motivational-course-for-teachers-31-days-of-teacher-praise/?couponCode=NOV12020
  73. [English] 0h 46m Mindfulness For Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, Stress Sampler https://www.udemy.com/course/mindfulness-for-depression-anxiety-ptsd-stress-sample?couponCode=NOV12020
  74. [English] 0h 44m Remote Teaching Online // How To Record Lectures at Home https://www.udemy.com/course/remote-teaching-how-to-record-lectures-at-home/?couponCode=DB9465AE25F8F1DBAA2B
  75. [English] 9h 30m Automate the Boring Stuff with Python Programming https://www.udemy.com/course/automate/?couponCode=NOV2020FREE
  76. [English] 2h 58m International Logistics & Transportation in Supply Chain. https://www.udemy.com/course/shipping-logistics-business-in-supply-chain-export-import/?couponCode=CF5BA0FCADFC858B52A8
  77. [English] 1h 4m 21 Email Etiquette Rules Every Professional Should Follow https://www.udemy.com/course/email-writing-course/?couponCode=EMAIL2
  78. [English] 5h 47m R Programming A-Z- R For Data Science and Statistics https://www.udemy.com/course/r-programming-a-z-r-for-data-science-and-statistics/?couponCode=COURSE2
  79. [English] 10h 33m Advance Stock Options Trading Strategies (5 Courses) 10 Hour https://www.udemy.com/course/advance-option-strategies-bundle/?couponCode=1NOV20
  80. [English] 12h 2m Python And Flask Framework Complete Course https://www.udemy.com/course/flask-framework-complete-course-for-beginners/?couponCode=2B3EF1C4A5E3530CAFA7
  81. [English] 18h 21m Python,Flask Framework And Django Course For Beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/python-and-flask-and-django-course-for-beginners/?couponCode=57B85C8D65049B79BADB
  82. [English] 16h 40m Complete Video Production, Marketing, & YouTube Mastery 2021 https://www.udemy.com/course/complete-video-marketing-course/?couponCode=TOP111
  83. [English] 30h 30m The Complete Reiki Course: 30+ Hours of Secrets from A to Z https://www.udemy.com/course/reiki-complete-certification-energy-healing-crystal-master-shaman-pet/?couponCode=FB9C7DD1E
  84. [English] 12h 37m Learn User Experience Design from A-Z: Adobe XD UI/UX Design https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-user-experience-design-from-a-z/?couponCode=7A166B6ED6D3BF6110DE
  85. [English] 26h 11m GET on TOP of Real Estate Business with Facebook Ads in 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/facebook-ads-for-real-estate-business/?couponCode=ULTRATOP1
  86. [English] 39h 52m BEST of SEO: #1 SEO Training & Content Marketing Course 2021 $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/seo-training-2021/?couponCode=1NOV999
  87. [English] 56h 8m The Complete Digital Marketing Course for Local Businesses $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/local-digital-marketing/?couponCode=1NOV999
  88. [English] 13.5hrs + $12.99 [Code: NOVOLEARN2020] 115 Courses – PMP (42 Hours), Agile (32 Hours), PMI-RMP/IIBA-ECBA (37 Hours), Business Analysis (16.5 hours), Operations Management (13.5 Hours) & More https://www.udemy.com/usesorindumitrascu/
  89. [English] 28hrs+ $19.49 [Code : AWSPROMO] AWS Solutions Architect Associate Ultimate Training Package (video course + practice exam course + ebook / training notes) – Digitalcloud https://learn.digitalcloud.training/aws-certified-solutions-architect-ultimate-exam-training?add-to-cart=20244&quantity=1&is_buy_now=1
  90. [English] 12hrs+ $19.49 [Code : AWSPROMO] AWS Cloud Practitioner Ultimate Training Package (video course + practice exam course + ebook / training notes) – Digitalcloud https://learn.digitalcloud.training/aws-certified-cloud-practitioner-ultimate-exam-training?add-to-cart=21372&quantity=1&is_buy_now=1
  91. [English] 33hrs $9 Master JavaScript – The Most Complete JavaScript Course 2020 [ Code : MASTERWEB ] https://www.eduonix.com/master-javascript-the-most-complete-javascript-course-2020?coupon_code=MASTERWEB
  92. [English] BEST of Digital Marketing: #1 Digital Marketing Course 2021 $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/digital-marketing-2021/?couponCode=1NOV999
  93. [English] 27h 55m AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate - 2020 [SAA-C02] $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/aws-certified-solutions-architect-associate-hands-on-labs/?couponCode=AWSNOV
  94. [English] 390 questions AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate Practice Exams $12 https://www.udemy.com/course/aws-certified-solutions-architect-associate-practice-tests-k/?couponCode=AWSNOV
  95. [English] 19h 3m Complete Google Certified Educator Level 1 Masterclass $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/complete-google-certified-educator-level-1-masterclass/?couponCode=THANKS2
  96. [English] 26h 26m The Complete English Language Course Improve Spoken English $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/the-complete-english-language-course-improve-spoken-english/?couponCode=THANKS1
  97. [English] 8h 9m Facebook Dynamic Ads (Facebook Dynamic Retargeting) MASTERY $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/facebook-dynamic-ads/?couponCode=1NOV999
  98. [English] 42h 20m Project Management Professional Certification Program (PMP) $12.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/project-management-professional-certification-program-pmp/?couponCode=NOVOLEARN2020
  99. [English] 37h 7m Risk Management for Business Analysts (PMI-RMP/IIBA-ECBA) $12.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/risk-management-for-business-analysts-pmi-rmpiiba-ecba/?couponCode=NOVOLEARN2020
  100. [English] 31h 16m The Agile Methodology for Project Risk Managers $12.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/the-agile-methodology-for-project-risk-managers/?couponCode=NOVOLEARN2020
  101. [English] 21h 6m The Agile Certified Practitioner Training Program (PMI-ACP) $12.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/the-agile-certified-practitioner-training-program-pmi-acp/?couponCode=NOVOLEARN2020
submitted by ViralMedia007 to FREECoursesEveryday [link] [comments]

Some trading wisdom, tools and information I picked up along the way that helped me be a better trader. Maybe it can help you too.

Its a bit lengthy and I tried to condense it as much as I can. So take everything at a high level as each subject is has a lot more depth but fundamentally if you distill it down its just taking simple things and applying your experience using them to add nuance and better deploy them.
There are exceptions to everything that you will learn with experience or have already learned. If you know something extra or something to add to it to implement it better or more accurately. Then great! However, my intention of this post is just a high level overview. Trading can be far too nuanced to go into in this post and would take forever to type up every exception (not to mention the traders individual personality). If you take the general information as a starting point, hopefully you will learn the edge cases long the way and learn how to use the more effectively if you end up using them. I apologize in advice for any errors or typos.
Introduction After reflecting on my fun (cough) trading journey that was more akin to rolling around on broken glass and wondering if brown glass will help me predict market direction better than green glass. Buying a $100 indicator at 2 am when I was acting a fool, looking at it and going at and going "This is a piece of lagging crap, I miss out on a large part of the fundamental move and never using it for even one trade". All while struggling with massive over trading and bad habits because I would get bored watching a single well placed trade on fold for the day. Also, I wanted to get rich quick.
On top all of that I had a terminal Stage 4 case of FOMO on every time the price would move up and then down then back up. Just think about all those extra pips I could have trading both directions as it moves across the chart! I can just sell right when it goes down, then buy right before it goes up again. Its so easy right? Well, turns out it was not as easy as I thought and I lost a fair chunk of change and hit my head against the wall a lot until it clicked. Which is how I came up with a mixed bag of things that I now call "Trade the Trade" which helped support how I wanted to trade so I can still trade intra day price action like a rabid money without throwing away all my bananas.
Why Make This Post? - Core Topic of Discussion I wish to share a concept I came up with that helped me become a reliable trader. Support the weakness of how I like to trade. Also, explaining what I do helps reinforce my understanding of the information I share as I have to put words to it and not just use internalized processes. I came up with a method that helped me get my head straight when trading intra day.
I call it "Trade the Trade" as I am making mini trades inside of a trade setup I make from analysis on a higher timeframe that would take multiple days to unfold or longer. I will share information, principles, techniques I used and learned from others I talked to on the internet (mixed bag of folks from armatures to professionals, and random internet people) that helped me form a trading style that worked for me. Even people who are not good at trading can say something that might make it click in your head so I would absorbed all the information I could get.I will share the details of how I approach the methodology and the tools in my trading belt that I picked up by filtering through many tools, indicators strategies and witchcraft. Hopefully you read something that ends up helping you be a better trader. I learned a lot from people who make community posts so I wanted to give back now that I got my ducks in a row.
General Trading Advice If your struggling finding your own trading style, fixing weakness's in it, getting started, being reliably profitable or have no framework to build yourself higher with, hopefully you can use the below advice to help provide some direction or clarity to moving forward to be a better trader.
  1. KEEP IT SIMPLE. Do not throw a million things on your chart from the get go or over analyzing what the market is doing while trying to learn the basics. Tons of stuff on your chart can actually slow your learning by distracting your focus on all your bells and whistles and not the price action.
  2. PRICE ACTION. Learn how to read price action. Not just the common formations, but larger groups of bars that form the market structure. Those formations carry more weight the higher the time frame they form on. If struggle to understand what is going on or what your looking at, move to a higher time frame.
  3. INDICATORS. If you do use them you should try to understand how every indicator you use calculates its values. Many indicators are lagging indicators, understanding how it calculates the values can help you learn how to identify the market structure before the indicator would trigger a signal . This will help you understand why the signal is a lagged signal. If you understand that you can easily learn to look at the price action right before the signal and learn to watch for that price action on top of it almost trigging a signal so you can get in at a better position and assume less downside risk. I recommend using no more than 1-2 indicators for simplicity, but your free to use as many as you think you think you need or works for your strategy/trading style.
  4. PSYCOLOGY. First, FOMO is real, don't feed the beast. When you trade you should always have an entry and exit. If you miss your entry do not chase it, wait for a new entry. At its core trading is gambling and your looking for an edge against the house (the other market participants). With that in mind, treat as such. Do not risk more than you can afford to lose. If you are afraid to lose it will negatively effect your trade decisions. Finally, be honest with your self and bad trading happens. No one is going to play trade cop and keep you in line, that's your job.
  5. TRADE DECISION MARKING: Before you enter any trade you should have an entry and exit area. As you learn price action you will get better entries and better exits. Use a larger zone and stop loss at the start while learning. Then you can tighten it up as you gain experience. If you do not have a area you wish to exit, or you are entering because "the markets looking like its gonna go up". Do not enter the trade. Have a reason for everything you do, if you cannot logically explain why then you probably should not be doing it.
  6. ROBOTS/ALGOS: Loved by some, hated by many who lost it all to one, and surrounded by scams on the internet. If you make your own, find a legit one that works and paid for it or lost it all on a crappy one, more power to ya. I do not use robots because I do not like having a robot in control of my money. There is too many edge cases for me to be ok with it.However, the best piece of advice about algos was that the guy had a algo/robot for each market condition (trending/ranging) and would make personalized versions of each for currency pairs as each one has its own personality and can make the same type of movement along side another currency pair but the price action can look way different or the move can be lagged or leading. So whenever he does his own analysis and he sees a trend, he turns the trend trading robot on. If the trend stops, and it starts to range he turns the range trading robot on. He uses robots to trade the market types that he is bad at trading. For example, I suck at trend trading because I just suck at sitting on my hands and letting my trade do its thing.

Trade the Trade - The Methodology

Base Principles These are the base principles I use behind "Trade the Trade". Its called that because you are technically trading inside your larger high time frame trade as it hopefully goes as you have analyzed with the trade setup. It allows you to scratch that intraday trading itch, while not being blind to the bigger market at play. It can help make sense of why the price respects, rejects or flat out ignores support/resistance/pivots.
  1. Trade Setup: Find a trade setup using high level time frames (daily, 4hr, or 1hr time frames). The trade setup will be used as a base for starting to figure out a bias for the markets direction for that day.
  2. Indicator Data: Check any indicators you use (I use Stochastic RSI and Relative Vigor Index) for any useful information on higher timeframes.
  3. Support Resistance: See if any support/resistance/pivot points are in currently being tested/resisted by the price. Also check for any that are within reach so they might become in play through out the day throughout the day (which can influence your bias at least until the price reaches it if it was already moving that direction from previous days/weeks price action).
  4. Currency Strength/Weakness: I use the TradeVision currency strength/weakness dashboard to see if the strength/weakness supports the narrative of my trade and as an early indicator when to keep a closer eye for signs of the price reversing.Without the tool, the same concept can be someone accomplished with fundamentals and checking for higher level trends and checking cross currency pairs for trends as well to indicate strength/weakness, ranging (and where it is in that range) or try to get some general bias from a higher level chart that may help you out. However, it wont help you intra day unless your monitoring the currency's index or a bunch of charts related to the currency.
  5. Watch For Trading Opportunities: Personally I make a mental short list and alerts on TradingView of currency pairs that are close to key levels and so I get a notification if it reaches there so I can check it out. I am not against trading both directions, I just try to trade my bias before the market tries to commit to a direction. Then if I get out of that trade I will scalp against the trend of the day and hold trades longer that are with it.Then when you see a opportunity assume the directional bias you made up earlier (unless the market solidly confirms with price action the direction while waiting for an entry) by trying to look for additional confirmation via indicators, price action on support/resistances etc on the low level time frame or higher level ones like hourly/4hr as the day goes on when the price reaches key areas or makes new market structures to get a good spot to enter a trade in the direction of your bias.Then enter your trade and use the market structures to determine how much of a stop you need. Once your in the trade just monitor it and watch the price action/indicators/tools you use to see if its at risk of going against you. If you really believe the market wont reach your TP and looks like its going to turn against you, then close the trade. Don't just hold on to it for principle and let it draw down on principle or the hope it does not hit your stop loss.
  6. Trade Duration Hold your trades as long or little as you want that fits your personality and trading style/trade analysis. Personally I do not hold trades past the end of the day (I do in some cases when a strong trend folds) and I do not hold trades over the weekends. My TP targets are always places I think it can reach within the day. Typically I try to be flat before I sleep and trade intra day price movements only. Just depends on the higher level outlook, I have to get in at really good prices for me to want to hold a trade and it has to be going strong. Then I will set a slightly aggressive stop on it before I leave. I do know several people that swing trade and hold trades for a long period of time. That is just not a trading style that works for me.
Enhance Your Success Rate Below is information I picked up over the years that helped me enhance my success rate with not only guessing intra day market bias (even if it has not broken into the trend for the day yet (aka pre London open when the end of Asia likes to act funny sometimes), but also with trading price action intra day.
People always say "When you enter a trade have an entry and exits. I am of the belief that most people do not have problem with the entry, its the exit. They either hold too long, or don't hold long enough. With the below tools, drawings, or instruments, hopefully you can increase your individual probability of a successful trade.
**P.S.*\* Your mileage will vary depending on your ability to correctly draw, implement and interpret the below items. They take time and practice to implement with a high degree of proficiency. If you have any questions about how to do that with anything listed, comment below and I will reply as I can. I don't want to answer the same question a million times in a pm.
Tools and Methods Used This is just a high level overview of what I use. Each one of the actions I could go way more in-depth on but I would be here for a week typing something up of I did that. So take the information as a base level understanding of how I use the method or tool. There is always nuance and edge cases that you learn from experience.
Conclusion
I use the above tools/indicators/resources/philosophy's to trade intra day price action that sometimes ends up as noise in the grand scheme of the markets movement.use that method until the price action for the day proves the bias assumption wrong. Also you can couple that with things like Stoch RSI + Relative Vigor Index to find divergences which can increase the probability of your targeted guesses.

Trade Example from Yesterday This is an example of a trade I took today and why I took it. I used the following core areas to make my trade decision.
It may seem like a lot of stuff to process on the fly while trying to figure out live price action but, for the fundamental bias for a pair should already baked in your mindset for any currency pair you trade. For the currency strength/weakness I stare at the dashboard 12-15 hours a day so I am always trying to keep a pulse on what's going or shifts so that's not really a factor when I want to enter as I would not look to enter if I felt the market was shifting against me. Then the higher timeframe analysis had already happened when I woke up, so it was a game of "Stare at the 5 min chart until the price does something interesting"
Trade Example: Today , I went long EUUSD long bias when I first looked at the chart after waking up around 9-10pm Eastern. Fortunately, the first large drop had already happened so I had a easy baseline price movement to work with. I then used tool for currency strength/weakness monitoring, Pivot Points, and bearish divergence detected using Stochastic RSI and Relative Vigor Index.
I first noticed Bearish Divergence on the 1hr time frame using the Stochastic RSI and got confirmation intra day on the 5 min time frame with the Relative Vigor Index. I ended up buying the second mini dip around midnight Eastern because it was already dancing along the pivot point that the price had been dancing along since the big drop below the pivot point and dipped below it and then shortly closed back above it. I put a stop loss below the first large dip. With a TP goal of the middle point pivot line
Then I waited for confirmation or invalidation of my trade. I ended up getting confirmation with Bearish Divergence from the second large dip so I tightened up my stop to below that smaller drip and waited for the London open. Not only was it not a lower low, I could see the divergence with the Relative Vigor Index.
It then ran into London and kept going with tons of momentum. Blew past my TP target so I let it run to see where the momentum stopped. Ended up TP'ing at the Pivot Point support/resistance above the middle pivot line.
Random Note: The Asian session has its own unique price action characteristics that happen regularly enough that you can easily trade them when they happen with high degrees of success. It takes time to learn them all and confidently trade them as its happening. If you trade Asia you should learn to recognize them as they can fake you out if you do not understand what's going on.

TL;DR At the end of the day there is no magic solution that just works. You have to find out what works for you and then what people say works for them. Test it out and see if it works for you or if you can adapt it to work for you. If it does not work or your just not interested then ignore it.
At the end of the day, you have to use your brain to make correct trading decisions. Blindly following indicators may work sometimes in certain market conditions, but trading with information you don't understand can burn you just as easily as help you. Its like playing with fire. So, get out there and grind it out. It will either click or it wont. Not everyone has the mindset or is capable of changing to be a successful trader. Trading is gambling, you do all this work to get a edge on the house. Trading without the edge or an edge you understand how to use will only leave your broker happy in the end.
submitted by marcusrider to Forex [link] [comments]

Bit confused

So I’ve been studying forex taking my time and being patient on my way to learning. I know what it takes to be a good trader, master your strategy, trade with discipline, trade and risk management all that.
But then comes my friend who’s not really a friend I just know he’s really successful trader and I know has made sums of money. Very unenthusiastic guy and claims to be bored of trading already. Asked him what his strategy is and he told me he only trades off resistance and support. He sends me his trades sometimes and he literally trades right off the chart on his phones and bags 1k a day ( not a demo account ). Someone explain is it possible to trade using just R&S lines. There are people who swear by using different indicators and things like Fibo, MACD but he’s said he is using nothing
submitted by ObeySEFS to Forex [link] [comments]

Former investment bank FX trader: Risk management part 3/3

Former investment bank FX trader: Risk management part 3/3
Welcome to the third and final part of this chapter.
Thank you all for the 100s of comments and upvotes - maybe this post will take us above 1,000 for this topic!
Keep any feedback or questions coming in the replies below.
Before you read this note, please start with Part I and then Part II so it hangs together and makes sense.
Part III
  • Squeezes and other risks
  • Market positioning
  • Bet correlation
  • Crap trades, timeouts and monthly limits

Squeezes and other risks

We are going to cover three common risks that traders face: events; squeezes, asymmetric bets.

Events

Economic releases can cause large short-term volatility. The most famous is Non Farm Payrolls, which is the most widely watched measure of US employment levels and affects the price of many instruments.On an NFP announcement currencies like EURUSD might jump (or drop) 100 pips no problem.
This is fine and there are trading strategies that one may employ around this but the key thing is to be aware of these releases.You can find economic calendars all over the internet - including on this site - and you need only check if there are any major releases each day or week.
For example, if you are trading off some intraday chart and scalping a few pips here and there it would be highly sensible to go into a known data release flat as it is pure coin-toss and not the reason for your trading. It only takes five minutes each day to plan for the day ahead so do not get caught out by this. Many retail traders get stopped out on such events when price volatility is at its peak.

Squeezes

Short squeezes bring a lot of danger and perhaps some opportunity.
The story of VW and Porsche is the best short squeeze ever. Throughout these articles we've used FX examples wherever possible but in this one instance the concept (which is also highly relevant in FX) is best illustrated with an historical lesson from a different asset class.
A short squeeze is when a participant ends up in a short position they are forced to cover. Especially when the rest of the market knows that this participant can be bullied into stopping out at terrible levels, provided the market can briefly drive the price into their pain zone.

There's a reason for the car, don't worry
Hedge funds had been shorting VW stock. However the amount of VW stock available to buy in the open market was actually quite limited. The local government owned a chunk and Porsche itself had bought and locked away around 30%. Neither of these would sell to the hedge-funds so a good amount of the stock was un-buyable at any price.
If you sell or short a stock you must be prepared to buy it back to go flat at some point.
To cut a long story short, Porsche bought a lot of call options on VW stock. These options gave them the right to purchase VW stock from banks at slightly above market price.
Eventually the banks who had sold these options realised there was no VW stock to go out and buy since the German government wouldn’t sell its allocation and Porsche wouldn’t either. If Porsche called in the options the banks were in trouble.
Porsche called in the options which forced the shorts to buy stock - at whatever price they could get it.
The price squeezed higher as those that were short got massively squeezed and stopped out. For one brief moment in 2008, VW was the world’s most valuable company. Shorts were burned hard.

Incredible event
Porsche apparently made $11.5 billion on the trade. The BBC described Porsche as “a hedge fund with a carmaker attached.”
If this all seems exotic then know that the same thing happens in FX all the time. If everyone in the market is talking about a key level in EURUSD being 1.2050 then you can bet the market will try to push through 1.2050 just to take out any short stops at that level. Whether it then rallies higher or fails and trades back lower is a different matter entirely.
This brings us on to the matter of crowded trades. We will look at positioning in more detail in the next section. Crowded trades are dangerous for PNL. If everyone believes EURUSD is going down and has already sold EURUSD then you run the risk of a short squeeze.
For additional selling to take place you need a very good reason for people to add to their position whereas a move in the other direction could force mass buying to cover their shorts.
A trading mentor when I worked at the investment bank once advised me:
Always think about which move would cause the maximum people the maximum pain. That move is precisely what you should be watching out for at all times.

Asymmetric losses

Also known as picking up pennies in front of a steamroller. This risk has caught out many a retail trader. Sometimes it is referred to as a "negative skew" strategy.
Ideally what you are looking for is asymmetric risk trade set-ups: that is where the downside is clearly defined and smaller than the upside. What you want to avoid is the opposite.
A famous example of this going wrong was the Swiss National Bank de-peg in 2012.
The Swiss National Bank had said they would defend the price of EURCHF so that it did not go below 1.2. Many people believed it could never go below 1.2 due to this. Many retail traders therefore opted for a strategy that some describe as ‘picking up pennies in front of a steam-roller’.
They would would buy EURCHF above the peg level and hope for a tiny rally of several pips before selling them back and keep doing this repeatedly. Often they were highly leveraged at 100:1 so that they could amplify the profit of the tiny 5-10 pip rally.
Then this happened.

Something that changed FX markets forever
The SNB suddenly did the unthinkable. They stopped defending the price. CHF jumped and so EURCHF (the number of CHF per 1 EUR) dropped to new lows very fast. Clearly, this trade had horrific risk : reward asymmetry: you risked 30% to make 0.05%.
Other strategies like naively selling options have the same result. You win a small amount of money each day and then spectacularly blow up at some point down the line.

Market positioning

We have talked about short squeezes. But how do you know what the market position is? And should you care?
Let’s start with the first. You should definitely care.
Let’s imagine the entire market is exceptionally long EURUSD and positioning reaches extreme levels. This makes EURUSD very vulnerable.
To keep the price going higher EURUSD needs to attract fresh buy orders. If everyone is already long and has no room to add, what can incentivise people to keep buying? The news flow might be good. They may believe EURUSD goes higher. But they have already bought and have their maximum position on.
On the flip side, if there’s an unexpected event and EURUSD gaps lower you will have the entire market trying to exit the position at the same time. Like a herd of cows running through a single doorway. Messy.
We are going to look at this in more detail in a later chapter, where we discuss ‘carry’ trades. For now this TRYJPY chart might provide some idea of what a rush to the exits of a crowded position looks like.

A carry trade position clear-out in action
Knowing if the market is currently at extreme levels of long or short can therefore be helpful.
The CFTC makes available a weekly report, which details the overall positions of speculative traders “Non Commercial Traders” in some of the major futures products. This includes futures tied to deliverable FX pairs such as EURUSD as well as products such as gold. The report is called “CFTC Commitments of Traders” ("COT").
This is a great benchmark. It is far more representative of the overall market than the proprietary ones offered by retail brokers as it covers a far larger cross-section of the institutional market.
Generally market participants will not pay a lot of attention to commercial hedgers, which are also detailed in the report. This data is worth tracking but these folks are simply hedging real-world transactions rather than speculating so their activity is far less revealing and far more noisy.
You can find the data online for free and download it directly here.

Raw format is kinda hard to work with

However, many websites will chart this for you free of charge and you may find it more convenient to look at it that way. Just google “CFTC positioning charts”.

But you can easily get visualisations
You can visually spot extreme positioning. It is extremely powerful.
Bear in mind the reports come out Friday afternoon US time and the report is a snapshot up to the prior Tuesday. That means it is a lagged report - by the time it is released it is a few days out of date. For longer term trades where you hold positions for weeks this is of course still pretty helpful information.
As well as the absolute level (is the speculative market net long or short) you can also use this to pick up on changes in positioning.
For example if bad news comes out how much does the net short increase? If good news comes out, the market may remain net short but how much did they buy back?
A lot of traders ask themselves “Does the market have this trade on?” The positioning data is a good method for answering this. It provides a good finger on the pulse of the wider market sentiment and activity.
For example you might say: “There was lots of noise about the good employment numbers in the US. However, there wasn’t actually a lot of position change on the back of it. Maybe everyone who wants to buy already has. What would happen now if bad news came out?”
In general traders will be wary of entering a crowded position because it will be hard to attract additional buyers or sellers and there could be an aggressive exit.
If you want to enter a trade that is showing extreme levels of positioning you must think carefully about this dynamic.

Bet correlation

Retail traders often drastically underestimate how correlated their bets are.
Through bitter experience, I have learned that a mistake in position correlation is the root of some of the most serious problems in trading. If you have eight highly correlated positions, then you are really trading one position that is eight times as large.
Bruce Kovner of hedge fund, Caxton Associates
For example, if you are trading a bunch of pairs against the USD you will end up with a simply huge USD exposure. A single USD-trigger can ruin all your bets. Your ideal scenario — and it isn’t always possible — would be to have a highly diversified portfolio of bets that do not move in tandem.
Look at this chart. Inverted USD index (DXY) is green. AUDUSD is orange. EURUSD is blue.

Chart from TradingView
So the whole thing is just one big USD trade! If you are long AUDUSD, long EURUSD, and short DXY you have three anti USD bets that are all likely to work or fail together.
The more diversified your portfolio of bets are, the more risk you can take on each.
There’s a really good video, explaining the benefits of diversification from Ray Dalio.
A systematic fund with access to an investable universe of 10,000 instruments has more opportunity to make a better risk-adjusted return than a trader who only focuses on three symbols. Diversification really is the closest thing to a free lunch in finance.
But let’s be pragmatic and realistic. Human retail traders don’t have capacity to run even one hundred bets at a time. More realistic would be an average of 2-3 trades on simultaneously. So what can be done?
For example:
  • You might diversify across time horizons by having a mix of short-term and long-term trades.
  • You might diversify across asset classes - trading some FX but also crypto and equities.
  • You might diversify your trade generation approach so you are not relying on the same indicators or drivers on each trade.
  • You might diversify your exposure to the market regime by having some trades that assume a trend will continue (momentum) and some that assume we will be range-bound (carry).
And so on. Basically you want to scan your portfolio of trades and make sure you are not putting all your eggs in one basket. If some trades underperform others will perform - assuming the bets are not correlated - and that way you can ensure your overall portfolio takes less risk per unit of return.
The key thing is to start thinking about a portfolio of bets and what each new trade offers to your existing portfolio of risk. Will it diversify or amplify a current exposure?

Crap trades, timeouts and monthly limits

One common mistake is to get bored and restless and put on crap trades. This just means trades in which you have low conviction.
It is perfectly fine not to trade. If you feel like you do not understand the market at a particular point, simply choose not to trade.
Flat is a position.
Do not waste your bullets on rubbish trades. Only enter a trade when you have carefully considered it from all angles and feel good about the risk. This will make it far easier to hold onto the trade if it moves against you at any point. You actually believe in it.
Equally, you need to set monthly limits. A standard limit might be a 10% account balance stop per month. At that point you close all your positions immediately and stop trading till next month.

Be strict with yourself and walk away
Let’s assume you started the year with $100k and made 5% in January so enter Feb with $105k balance. Your stop is therefore 10% of $105k or $10.5k . If your account balance dips to $94.5k ($105k-$10.5k) then you stop yourself out and don’t resume trading till March the first.
Having monthly calendar breaks is nice for another reason. Say you made a load of money in January. You don’t want to start February feeling you are up 5% or it is too tempting to avoid trading all month and protect the existing win. Each month and each year should feel like a clean slate and an independent period.
Everyone has trading slumps. It is perfectly normal. It will definitely happen to you at some stage. The trick is to take a break and refocus. Conserve your capital by not trading a lot whilst you are on a losing streak. This period will be much harder for you emotionally and you’ll end up making suboptimal decisions. An enforced break will help you see the bigger picture.
Put in place a process before you start trading and then it’ll be easy to follow and will feel much less emotional. Remember: the market doesn’t care if you win or lose, it is nothing personal.
When your head has cooled and you feel calm you return the next month and begin the task of building back your account balance.

That's a wrap on risk management

Thanks for taking time to read this three-part chapter on risk management. I hope you enjoyed it. Do comment in the replies if you have any questions or feedback.
Remember: the most important part of trading is not making money. It is not losing money. Always start with that principle. I hope these three notes have provided some food for thought on how you might approach risk management and are of practical use to you when trading. Avoiding mistakes is not a sexy tagline but it is an effective and reliable way to improve results.
Next up I will be writing about an exciting topic I think many traders should look at rather differently: news trading. Please follow on here to receive notifications and the broad outline is below.
News Trading Part I
  • Introduction
  • Why use the economic calendar
  • Reading the economic calendar
  • Knowing what's priced in
  • Surveys
  • Interest rates
  • First order thinking vs second order thinking
News Trading Part II
  • Preparing for quantitative and qualitative releases
  • Data surprise index
  • Using recent events to predict future reactions
  • Buy the rumour, sell the fact
  • The mysterious 'position trim' effect
  • Reversals
  • Some key FX releases
***

Disclaimer:This content is not investment advice and you should not place any reliance on it. The views expressed are the author's own and should not be attributed to any other person, including their employer.
submitted by getmrmarket to Forex [link] [comments]

eToro: impressions, doubts and (ignored) lessons from copy trading

(no promotional content, no affiliate links)
Hi,
exactly four years ago, I started copying eToro investors / traders that I selected using the broker's built-in search engine (profitable in last two years, already being copied by others), followed by manual filtering, to take into account fluctuations in yearly returns, composition of their portfolios etc. With that, I got a list of 10 people whom I started to copy on a demo account:
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1u52f0XHfr-LauIscKcFDYF0yGTTUr6VY/view?usp=sharing
In the screenshot you can see that in case of the first two of them the amount invested was $10,000, while for the rest it was just $100. This is because I started copying the first two a couple of weeks earlier; eventually I changed this into $100 the same day I made the screenshot and this is when my calculations start - so this thing is irrelevant, I just cannot travel in time to make another screenshot.
What I did after that?
Well, within the next six weeks my profits oscillated between -$11 and +$9.50 (the biggest profit was on Nov 9, a day after US presidential elections). I found this "boring" and discontinued experimenting with copy trading.
Today I looked back at those ten traders. Here is what I found. Firstly, seven of them are not with eToro anymore; investorNo1, Simple-Stock-Mkt, tradingrelax, 4exPirate, primit, Gallojack, xjurokx. The other three traders are:
My observations and thoughts are as follows:
  1. Seven out of ten traders are not with eToro anymore, which makes me wonder why. I have no proof but my guess is they simply performed poorly, lost their copiers and closed their accounts. This is already alarming but what if they opened another account? Or, even worse, multiple accounts? They could be investing small money and try different risky approaches, hoping that at least one account will turn out profitable in the long turn, attracting potential copiers. (I'm not claiming that those 7 particular traders did this, it's just my general suspicion regarding some of eToro traders)
  2. I'm unable to calculate what would be my profit if I never stopped copying them, because I cannot check at what day and with what profit those seven traders left eToro. I'm guessing this would be an immense loss. On the other hand, considering the three traders who are still with eToro, I would lose more than a quarter of my assets!
What now?
I must be a quite adventurous person or at least an incorrigible optimist, because a month ago (exactly on Aug 26th) I started copying three traders with real money. Here is who they are.
rubymza (Heloise Greeff)

OlivierDanvel (Olivier Jean Andre Danvel)

rayvahey (Raymond Noel Vahey)
What was my strategy to hand-pick these particular traders? First I did some basic scanning using eToro's built-in search engine. The most important filter was that the trader was profitable within the last two years: unfortunately, eToro does not allow to reach details of earlier performance automatically. To know how the trader performed before 2019, I had to look at stats in the profile of each of them. I was also taking into account how often they trade (to avoid those who do only a couple of trades yearly), whether they were trading recently and whether they write posts regularly in their feed. With this, I got a list of fifteen candidates to copy:
As you already know, I finally chose three of them. Rubymza seemed to be the most trustworthy stock trader, based on profits, posts feed and regular trading, among other things. Regarding OlivierDanvel, his uniqueness is the ability to record continuous profits with the Forex market. Finally, with rayvahey I wanted to increase my exposure to the commodities market.
Wish me good luck!
Michael

P.S.
You might find those copy-trading related readings interesting:

Disclosures:
submitted by investing-scientist2 to StockMarket [link] [comments]

The Last Time I Write Another One of These Cringey Things (I hope...): Part 2892, The Worst Sequel and Wall of Text, ever

Hiya, folks...! It's another wall of text from some random person who could be doing just about anything else except for this... Who's ready for some paragraphs from some stranger?
I know you'd rather be doing anything else, or maybe not haha.. But it does mean a lot if you do take the time to try to attempt to accurately type me... I will DEFINITELY NOT overthink it this time, and take your consideration FULLY to heart, and stop overthinking my MBTI type and live happily ever after! (Hahahahhaha...! ... ...)
...
Ok, let's begin!

I am a freshly 23 year old male that likes to do average Redditor bullcrap. Video games, memes, music, making my finger go up and down endlessly while staring at a glass LED screen with pixels on it while feeling like I've accomplished nothing. Just average stuff, I suppose. I'm not really that interesting tbh...
I work at home and I am just "vibing", as the kids say. I have some long term projects planned, but I'm at least trying to rest up from a really shitty 7 years that I've had back to back to back so... Nothing really insightful to write here haha..
Likely several... I had a very traumatic childhood that I constantly gaslight myself about like saying things like "it wasn't that bad, people have it worse" and much worse..
I disassociate from reality every 2.5 seconds, can't focus, have terrible insomnia, EXTREMELY low energy, mood swings, brain fog, random body pains 24/7, seventeen billion repressed emotions which don't help out anything else that I'm dealing with, memory problems, and I need caffeine to do the bare minimum of just about anything on most days, but some of that could be average American problems.
I've suspected I have some form as Aspergers, and probably A TON of mental illnesses, such as OCD, anxiety, depression, and maybe a personality disorder.
My upbringing is a very mixed bag overall. I would not say I had a typically "tragic" childhood (there goes me gaslighting myself LOL) because people have DEFINITELY had it worse than me. But I can't sit here and pretend everything I went through was "normal". To attempt to sum it up, I basically was a "gifted" kid who got good grades throughout school and maintained my image of being this perfect kid, but meanwhile in the shadows, I was just slowly dying inside and suffering from a lot of imposter syndrome (amongst other things), which I'd definitely would say is warranted because I was NOT cut out for anything in school and it showed. I basically faked my way through school, got burnt out EARLY but got mega burnt out by senior year, and basically started college with no plan but somehow still managed to graduate (barely) and just kinda end up where I am now.
As far as a religious upbringing is concerned, I definitely was heavily influenced by religion, in kind of a negative way (?) Religion and I have a VERY weird relationship. On the one hand, I guess I love my religious friends, the lessons I learned from it, and a lot of what it says, but on the other hand I can not ever be a part of one mostly because of some of the dogmatic thinking and extremely toxic aspects to it that people use to justify hate and violence, and that's not really my type of thing. Also, I used to be really kinda "uppity" or arrogant about my religion, and now I DESPISE seeing the same type of "holier than thou" attitude projected. It kinda irks me on the inside.
Looking back, my response to it all was a major polarity shift from one extreme, to the other, and now where I'm at, I can look back at both sides and take the good from both. What do I mean by that? Welllllll... I mentioned earlier how I can't stand the "holier than thou" type, and for a while, that was DEFINITELY me. I was REALLY into it and took it extremely serious. I wouldn't mind being called "lame" or "whack" for having my faith, but looking back, it really made my quality of life kinda worse because I did have those strong beliefs and those off-putting characteristics that ostracized me from my peers and some potentially great experiences. I grew out of this and then became an EXTREME atheist, and for a while, it felt freeing. I felt better, smarter, edgier, and just superior, but looking back, I was just cynical and a total asshole, and arguably worse than the "holier than thou douche persona" that I had growing up. Luckily, my extreme atheism phase kinda fizzled out after some other trauma that happened around the time I became an atheist, and now, I can respect religion and be open to it, the ideas, and the amazing things that come from it while also maintaining my independent thinking but not to the point of being "hur dur be skeptical and point out everything wrong with religion all the time and be an asshole for no reason to religious people", if that makes any sense.
As far as my relationship to the structure in my life.. It's kind of a mixed bag. I had a pretty suffocated childhood, and I wasn't allowed certain things, but I guess it wasn't really all that bad in the end, or at least as it could've been. Most of this was just protection from a single parent who just didn't want anything to me and wanted me to be the best I could be in life, and I can respect this and look back on some parts of my structured childhood with fondness. But I most certainly got sick of it all by the time I was almost finished with highschool and in a lot of my college career. I basically used to be Mr. Structured. I had everything organized, I was neat, clean, got everything done at the right time, all the good stuff. But my brain just got tired of maintaining that forever, because I was already pretty much bad at life, but I was forced to just continue faking everything until something happened. So, by the end of high school, I lost all of those characteristics and became extremely sloppy. But I really do blame that on being physically tired. Being as organized as I was was TAXING because of how I overdid it. And now, thinking back, a lot of my structuredness was just on the surface level, and it was me trying to live up to everyone's standards and be just on top of everything, all the time, at a VERY unhealthy level, and that's probably what burnt me out too. I was addicted to the image of being this extremely put together person who has their shit together, while not having absolutely any shit to get together because I was withering away inside faster than fresh cotton candy from the fair melts in your mouth when your mouth is dry.
So, basically to sum it all up, I was a really clean cut religious smart "gifted" kid who wasn't really that, at all (AND I still don't know who I am now tbh haha) and I got tired of putting on that image all the time and turned to a dirty neckbeard atheist cynic for a short time, and then balanced out to whatever the fuck I am now because I wear 238234 different masks for each and every occasion, but THAT'S a different story haha.. I look back at both equally cringey and horrible chapters of my life with some scorn for myself and the times, but overall a much more understand a balanced perspective, because I had to go through it all to be me, and I'm just glad I can be here now. I'd say I definitely liked moments from those chapters, but overall, I'm much happier where I'm at now, which is not nearly as anally obsessive at the concept of being structured and not nearly as hyper-faithful to my religion or just a total asshole piece of shit atheist.
Right now, I'm sorta half employed. I do trade a bit on the Forex markets from signals groups and make enough to help out my family, and buy myself things here and there. I'm only really doing this because I went through a really shitty 7 years and I just need time to myself to kind of figure out, A LOT (clearly, as you can see by reading this HORRIBLE reddit post LOL) and rest. I just like the amount of freedom I have, and the money. I really like the idea of me having money saved and ready for any emergency, or family member or friend. I just need money to help out, stay safe, and to have time for myself to rest and take care of my health, or just pursue all the hobbies I missed out on, and I'm totally fine doing this the rest of my life. I don't really need or want that much in life, and I've always kind of been like this. I just want things to be peaceful and simple, so that my mind can be at ease and to just have free time for myself and a solution for any random chaotic emergency that happens because my mind always thinks of the worst that can happen by catastrophizing literally everything ever in the world. So my "career" is just a means to an end, like I'm sure a lot of people's careers are, unless you happen to have a passion or something, which is also amazing.
I do like writing, and I do wanna finish my book. I daydream a lot about it, and sometimes that's much more fun than actually writing it, but I do wanna finish it, but I also want it to be absolutely perfect and plothole free, and much more. I also wanna do YouTube and Twitch, but I feel like I have a lot to do as a person before I can freely be on those sites as a full person/"influencer" (I have so many mixed feelings about having a full time career as an influencer and having my life under that much pressure and scrutiny, BUTTTTT that's a different discussion...), so I might pursue those slowly or just freestyle it for fun. Those were my big dreams as a kid, but growing up, I see that writing a good book is damned hard (worth it, but hard) and being a Youtubesocial media star is a different world entirely, and I don't know how I feel about it. Like, I know I'd never be a Shane Dawson (YIKES) or Cryaotic (EWWWWW) but to even just disappoint one person, or have any sort of fuckup, or.. I don't know where I'm going with this... Basically, everything I suffer from now would only be amplified by having a YouTube career, my people pleasing tendencies, my over obsession with being perfect for others/myself, my workaholic tendencies, my being hard on myself, my fear of fucking anything up, and my imposter syndrome, those would all go BRRRRRR if I got any decent success on YouTube, so... *Phew*
That's my weird relationship with my life, and where I wanna go with it. To be honest, I'd be happy where I'm at right now, because at the end of the day, as long as I'm healthy and my family is happy, I'm ok, but a part of me also wants to live out those big dreams like having my book be a thing and animated, and being a good YouTuber, meme maker, Twitch streamer, all the above at the same time but my insecurities are like "BWAHAHAHAHA", so I'm just like: -_- But I'll figure it out! Hopefully..
Hm... Interesting question. Honestly, I'd never feel lonely on weekends by myself. Even when my friends are doing better things or aren't around, I don't really feel lonely I guess. Most of the time I have weekends alone, I feel pretty refreshed I suppose. It's kinda hard to tell haha.. This feels more like a circumstantial question where a myriad of things that are going on during the hypothetical week or just in my life/mind would determine this answer. Sometimes I just need that weekend to recharge and be alone and in my thoughts, or watching Netflix or being an absolute video game degenerate while dancing alone in my room and eating junk food. And sometimes, I like to be out and about with my friends, or just doing stuff. I probably lean more towards refreshed though, overall in a general sense.
BIG YIKES. I feel like a non human that doesn't belong on this planet or universe 99% of the time. I'm VERY slow, awkward movements, jittery, sometimes it looks like I was born yesterday with my grasp on physical reality, but yet, I do interestingly enough find myself loving to sweat and workout. I don't really have the coordination for any type of real sport, but I do like walks and I would run if I lived in an area where I could have a private or peaceful run where I would not be interrupted or seen by anyone because I look HIDEOUS running. I won't say I could never get into running at a professional or serious level, like with a group, but I'd just say it's more unlikely, for now. It sounds really exciting and interesting to be good at something physical, and I have always admired people who could do really sick stuff in sports, and I've always wanted to do it. But, right now, my uncoordinated ass will stick to just riding my exercise bike occasionally to burn off some restlessness and help me sleep betteperform better because working out makes my brain feel oddly stable lol. (I guess that's why I have such a fascination with physical stuff even though I am absolutely hopeless in most of it in the grand scheme of things)
I don't know if I'd say I'm curious, I guess I just think a lot. Like, I'll see something or watch something and daydream about it all the time, making new ideas out of it in my head or creating something new with it, trying to take it a new level or understand it at a different level, if that makes sense. Like, I'll sort of mentally digest something and that's what gives me inspiration, or ideas. I take in everything as I go and make up new shit with it later on (LOL this sounds like regular human being talk, because everyone does this).
I would say I have a lot of ideas on everything. I daydream about random chapters in my book a lot, like full on scenes. I'll daydream about a new melody for a song I've never heard with lyrics, and I'll try to make lyrics in my head and extend the melody. I'll daydream about my interactions in life, and just how I could have responded differently, or maybe what the other person is thinking, or feeling, or stuff like I wonder if they're okay. I'll daydream about new memes I can make, or me in an interview (OMG MEGA CRINGE ROFL). I pretty much daydream about... Everything. And then I'll daydream about what I'm daydreaming about, and why I'm doing it, and it gets too meta at that point. (this could very well just be maladaptive daydreaming and NOT indicative of any cognitive function ROFL)
Nope, nuh uh. I am too much of a people pleaser and pushover. I'd be dead or betrayed before my first week is over. The thing about me is that generally, I feel like I'd be a terrible leader because I can overthink a lot, all the time, and I'd be slow to action and prone to analysis paralysis and extreme people pleasing tendencies. I can also be conflict avoidant, and just want people to be happy, so I'd let a lot of stuff slide that I maybe should not. Now, don't get me wrong, I can be firm and tough when needed, but eventually that'd be too much for me to bear, and I couldn't be in a position like that for long. I genuinely hope I never become a leader, because even when I'm looking back to five minutes ago, I can say that "ew, that's cringe bro", so I clearly have a lot of work to do before I have something that serious on my plate.
HAHAHHAHAHHAHAHAHA. Funny question. But.. Yeahhhhhhh... No. I am NOT coordinated. I can barely walk in my kitchen without the fear of me accidentally turning wrong or moving incorrectly and just breaking something or knocking over everything in the kitchen. SOMETIMES I'm in James Bond mode, and it feels like I can do anything physical, and I feel aware of everything, my body, my surroundings, and I can actually move like a human being, but that usually doesn't last long. I can do just the bare minimum that an average human can do, but MUCH MUCH worse and at a greater cost of my energy, and my mental energy trying not to fuck anything up because I have literally just been sitting at times and barely move and knock over EVERYTHING somehow, because that's just how much my body was not meant to be on planet earth and I maybe should have been incarnated as a slug, idk.
I'd describe myself as artistic, even if I haven't drawn in years LOL. But let me explain... I do still have a love for it, I just haven't really been able to practice. In general, my art is just aiming for whatever is in my brain, and I don't have a solid style. I'm just going for whatever I'm going for in the moment. I prefer a mix of realism with some "quirks", if that makes sense. While I haven't drawn in a while, this is how I'd imagine I'd want my art to look nowadays. Pretty realistic with perfect everything, perfect features, perfect environment or whatever I'm illustrating or going for (perfect features on a person, all the hair strands drawn individually, etc), with a mix of my own little "spice", if that makes sense. Back in the day, my art was just trying to copy classic anime, and while I have no problem with that style, I just wanna kinda make my own style, even if that is hard to verbalize lmao.
Alright guys.. I would write more, but I'm sleepy and some of this is getting dumb/boring (as if it wasn't already LOL). I'm glad you made it this far, and thank you for reading and putting up with this actual garbage fire of a post. Please take care of yourselves during these crazy weird times, and I hope you are doing well. I look forward to reading you guys responses (if I get any LOL).
Stay amazing, and stay healthy :3
submitted by big_throwaway___ to MbtiTypeMe [link] [comments]

Top 5 Most Famous Traders Of All Time

In all industries there are people credited to being the simplest .
In design, the late Steve Jobs is credited to being the simplest in his industry. In boxing, Muhammad Ali was credited to being the simplest boxer of all time.
In U.S. politics, there's a consensus that Lincoln was the nation’s greatest President by every measure applied.
In the trading world, a variety of traders are known worldwide for his or her skills. From Jesse Livermore to George Soros, we are sharing these tales of past and present traders who had to claw their thanks to the highest .
Here, we'll check out the five most famous traders of all time and canopy a touch bit about each trader and why they became so famous.
Jesse Livermore
Jesse Livermore jumped into the stock exchange with incredible calculations at the age of 15, amassed huge profits, then lost all of them , then mastered two massive crises and came out the opposite side while following his own rules, earning him the nickname “The Great Bear of Wall Street.”
Livermore was born in 1877 in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts.
Visit شركة اكويتي السعودية
He is remembered for his incredible risk taking, his gregarious method of reading the potential moves within the stock exchange , derivatives and commodities, and for sustaining vast losses also as rising to fortune.
He began his career having run far away from home by carriage to flee a lifetime of farming that his father had planned for him, instead choosing city life and finding work posting stock quotes at Paine Webber, a Boston stockbroker.
Livermore bought his first share at 15 and earned a profit of $3.12 from $5 after teaching himself about trends.
George Soros
George Soros has a fantastic backstory.
Born in Hungary in 1930 to Jewish parents, Soros survived the Holocaust and later fled the country when the Communists took power. He went on to become one among the richest men and one among the foremost famous philanthropists within the world.
Most day traders know him for his long and prolific career as a trader who famously “broke the Bank of England” in 1992. Soros made an enormous bet against British Pound, which earned him $1 billion in profit in only 24 hours.
Along with other currency speculators, he placed a bet against the bank’s ability to carry the road on the pound. He borrowed pounds, then sold them, helping to down the worth of the currency on forex markets and ultimately forcing the united kingdom to crash out of the ecu rate of exchange Mechanism.
It was perhaps the quickest billion dollars anyone has ever made and one among the foremost famous trades ever taken, which later became referred to as “breaking the Bank of England”.
Soros is believed to have netted a complete of about $44 billion through financial speculation. And he has used his fortune to find thousands of human rights, democracy, health, and education projects.
Richard Dennis
There are only a couple of traders which will take a little amount of cash and switch it into millions and Richard Dennis was one among them.
Known as the “Prince of the Pit”, Dennis is claimed to have borrowed $1,600 when he was around 23 years old and turned it into $200 million in about 10 years trading commodities. Even more interesting to notice , he only traded $400 of the $1,600.
Not only did he achieve great success as a commodities trader, he also went on to launch the famous “Turtle Traders Group”. Using mini contracts, Dennis began to trade his own account at the Mid America commodities exchange .
He made a profit of $100,000 in 1973. The subsequent year, he capitalized on a runway soybean market to earn $500,000 in profits. He became an impressive millionaire at the top of the year.
However, he incurred massive losses within the Black Monday stock exchange crash in 1987 and therefore the dot-com bubble burst in 2000.
While he's famous for creating and losing tons of cash , Dennis is additionally famous for something else – an experiment. He and his friend William Eckhardt recruited and trained traders, a couple of men and ladies, the way to trade futures. These so-called Turtle Traders went on to form profits of $175 million in 4 years, consistent with a former student.
Paul Tudor Jones
Paul Tudor Jones thrust into the limelight within the 80s when he successfully predicted the 1987 stock exchange , as shown within the riveting one hour documentary called “Trader”.
The legendary trader was born in Memphis, Tennessee in 1954. His father ran a financial and legal trade newspaper. While he was in college, he want to write articles for the newspaper under the pseudonym, “Eagle Jones”.
Jones began his journey within the finance business by trading cotton. He started trading on his own following 4 years of non-trading experience, made profits from his trades but got bored, and later hired people to trade for him so he would not get bored.
But the trade that shot him to fame came on Black Monday in 1987, when he made an estimated $100 million whilst the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged 22%.
He became a pioneer within the area of worldwide macro investing and was an enormous player within the meteoric growth of the hedge fund industry. He's also known for depending on currencies and interest rates.
He founded his hedge fund, Tudor Investment Corp, in 1980. The fund currently has around $21 billion in assets under management and he himself has an estimated net worth of nearly $5.8 Billion.
John Paulson
Super-trader John Paulson built a private fortune worth $4.4 billion from managing other people’s money. Born in 1955, Paulson made his name and far of his money betting a huge amount of money against the U.S. housing market during the worldwide financial crisis of 2007–2008.
Paulson bought insurance against defaults by subprime mortgages before the market collapse in 2007. He netted an estimated $20 billion on the collapse of the subprime mortgage market, dubbed the best trade ever.
However, his diary since that bet has been patchy at the best . Within the years following the financial crisis, Paulson struggled to match this success.
Failed bets on gold, healthcare and pharmaceutical stocks caused investors to escape his hedge fund Paulson & Co, cutting its assets under management to $10 billion as of January 2020 from a high of $36 billion in 2011.
Earlier this year, Paulson announced the fund would stop managing money for outdoor clients and switch it into a family office. He launched the fund in 1994.
submitted by equiti-me to u/equiti-me [link] [comments]

Python Web Scraping: Need help writing this code without repeating it 26 times

I'm writing this web scraping program that takes the forex retail trading sentiment from IG Markets and displays it in the console. Here's the code I got so far:
import bs4, requests def getIGsentiment(pairUrl): res = requests.get(pairUrl) res.raise_for_status() soup = bs4.BeautifulSoup(res.text, 'html.parser') elems = soup.select('.price-ticket__sentiment') return elems[0].get_text(" ", strip = True) retail_positions = getIGsentiment('https://www.ig.com/us/forex/markets-forex/eur-usd') print ('EUUSD: ' + retail_positions[0:32].rstrip() + '.')) retail_positions = getIGsentiment('https://www.ig.com/us/forex/markets-forex/eur-chf') print ('EUCHF: ' + retail_positions[0:32].rstrip() + '.')) 
This code is for 2 pairs, however, I need the output for 26 pairs and I don't want to type the url 26 times.
Is there a way to do this? I was thinking lists or dictionaries but don't know where to start.
BTW, I'm new to programming, I just read Automate the boring stuff up to the web scraping chapter and that's how I wrote this.
Thank you.

EDIT: I got it
pair_list = ['eur-chf', 'eur-aud', 'eur-jpy'] for i in range(len(pair_list)): retail_positions = getIGsentiment('https://www.ig.com/us/forex/markets-forex/' + (pair_list[i])) pair = pair_list[i] print(pair, retail_positions[0:32].rstrip() + '.')

submitted by Bad_Lieutenant702 to learnpython [link] [comments]

Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Swaps* (*But Were Afraid To Ask)

Hello, dummies
It's your old pal, Fuzzy.
As I'm sure you've all noticed, a lot of the stuff that gets posted here is - to put it delicately - fucking ridiculous. More backwards-ass shit gets posted to wallstreetbets than you'd see on a Westboro Baptist community message board. I mean, I had a look at the daily thread yesterday and..... yeesh. I know, I know. We all make like the divine Laura Dern circa 1992 on the daily and stick our hands deep into this steaming heap of shit to find the nuggets of valuable and/or hilarious information within (thanks for reading, BTW). I agree. I love it just the way it is too. That's what makes WSB great.
What I'm getting at is that a lot of the stuff that gets posted here - notwithstanding it being funny or interesting - is just... wrong. Like, fucking your cousin wrong. And to be clear, I mean the fucking your *first* cousin kinda wrong, before my Southerners in the back get all het up (simmer down, Billy Ray - I know Mabel's twice removed on your grand-sister's side). Truly, I try to let it slide. I do my bit to try and put you on the right path. Most of the time, I sleep easy no matter how badly I've seen someone explain what a bank liquidity crisis is. But out of all of those tens of thousands of misguided, autistic attempts at understanding the world of high finance, one thing gets so consistently - so *emphatically* - fucked up and misunderstood by you retards that last night I felt obligated at the end of a long work day to pull together this edition of Finance with Fuzzy just for you. It's so serious I'm not even going to make a u/pokimane gag. Have you guessed what it is yet? Here's a clue. It's in the title of the post.
That's right, friends. Today in the neighborhood we're going to talk all about hedging in financial markets - spots, swaps, collars, forwards, CDS, synthetic CDOs, all that fun shit. Don't worry; I'm going to explain what all the scary words mean and how they impact your OTM RH positions along the way.
We're going to break it down like this. (1) "What's a hedge, Fuzzy?" (2) Common Hedging Strategies and (3) All About ISDAs and Credit Default Swaps.
Before we begin. For the nerds and JV traders in the back (and anyone else who needs to hear this up front) - I am simplifying these descriptions for the purposes of this post. I am also obviously not going to try and cover every exotic form of hedge under the sun or give a detailed summation of what caused the financial crisis. If you are interested in something specific ask a question, but don't try and impress me with your Investopedia skills or technical points I didn't cover; I will just be forced to flex my years of IRL experience on you in the comments and you'll look like a big dummy.
TL;DR? Fuck you. There is no TL;DR. You've come this far already. What's a few more paragraphs? Put down the Cheetos and try to concentrate for the next 5-7 minutes. You'll learn something, and I promise I'll be gentle.
Ready? Let's get started.
1. The Tao of Risk: Hedging as a Way of Life
The simplest way to characterize what a hedge 'is' is to imagine every action having a binary outcome. One is bad, one is good. Red lines, green lines; uppie, downie. With me so far? Good. A 'hedge' is simply the employment of a strategy to mitigate the effect of your action having the wrong binary outcome. You wanted X, but you got Z! Frowny face. A hedge strategy introduces a third outcome. If you hedged against the possibility of Z happening, then you can wind up with Y instead. Not as good as X, but not as bad as Z. The technical definition I like to give my idiot juniors is as follows:
Utilization of a defensive strategy to mitigate risk, at a fraction of the cost to capital of the risk itself.
Congratulations. You just finished Hedging 101. "But Fuzzy, that's easy! I just sold a naked call against my 95% OTM put! I'm adequately hedged!". Spoiler alert: you're not (although good work on executing a collar, which I describe below). What I'm talking about here is what would be referred to as a 'perfect hedge'; a binary outcome where downside is totally mitigated by a risk management strategy. That's not how it works IRL. Pay attention; this is the tricky part.
You can't take a single position and conclude that you're adequately hedged because risks are fluid, not static. So you need to constantly adjust your position in order to maximize the value of the hedge and insure your position. You also need to consider exposure to more than one category of risk. There are micro (specific exposure) risks, and macro (trend exposure) risks, and both need to factor into the hedge calculus.
That's why, in the real world, the value of hedging depends entirely on the design of the hedging strategy itself. Here, when we say "value" of the hedge, we're not talking about cash money - we're talking about the intrinsic value of the hedge relative to the the risk profile of your underlying exposure. To achieve this, people hedge dynamically. In wallstreetbets terms, this means that as the value of your position changes, you need to change your hedges too. The idea is to efficiently and continuously distribute and rebalance risk across different states and periods, taking value from states in which the marginal cost of the hedge is low and putting it back into states where marginal cost of the hedge is high, until the shadow value of your underlying exposure is equalized across your positions. The punchline, I guess, is that one static position is a hedge in the same way that the finger paintings you make for your wife's boyfriend are art - it's technically correct, but you're only playing yourself by believing it.
Anyway. Obviously doing this as a small potatoes trader is hard but it's worth taking into account. Enough basic shit. So how does this work in markets?
2. A Hedging Taxonomy
The best place to start here is a practical question. What does a business need to hedge against? Think about the specific risk that an individual business faces. These are legion, so I'm just going to list a few of the key ones that apply to most corporates. (1) You have commodity risk for the shit you buy or the shit you use. (2) You have currency risk for the money you borrow. (3) You have rate risk on the debt you carry. (4) You have offtake risk for the shit you sell. Complicated, right? To help address the many and varied ways that shit can go wrong in a sophisticated market, smart operators like yours truly have devised a whole bundle of different instruments which can help you manage the risk. I might write about some of the more complicated ones in a later post if people are interested (CDO/CLOs, strip/stack hedges and bond swaps with option toggles come to mind) but let's stick to the basics for now.
(i) Swaps
A swap is one of the most common forms of hedge instrument, and they're used by pretty much everyone that can afford them. The language is complicated but the concept isn't, so pay attention and you'll be fine. This is the most important part of this section so it'll be the longest one.
Swaps are derivative contracts with two counterparties (before you ask, you can't trade 'em on an exchange - they're OTC instruments only). They're used to exchange one cash flow for another cash flow of equal expected value; doing this allows you to take speculative positions on certain financial prices or to alter the cash flows of existing assets or liabilities within a business. "Wait, Fuzz; slow down! What do you mean sets of cash flows?". Fear not, little autist. Ol' Fuzz has you covered.
The cash flows I'm talking about are referred to in swap-land as 'legs'. One leg is fixed - a set payment that's the same every time it gets paid - and the other is variable - it fluctuates (typically indexed off the price of the underlying risk that you are speculating on / protecting against). You set it up at the start so that they're notionally equal and the two legs net off; so at open, the swap is a zero NPV instrument. Here's where the fun starts. If the price that you based the variable leg of the swap on changes, the value of the swap will shift; the party on the wrong side of the move ponies up via the variable payment. It's a zero sum game.
I'll give you an example using the most vanilla swap around; an interest rate trade. Here's how it works. You borrow money from a bank, and they charge you a rate of interest. You lock the rate up front, because you're smart like that. But then - quelle surprise! - the rate gets better after you borrow. Now you're bagholding to the tune of, I don't know, 5 bps. Doesn't sound like much but on a billion dollar loan that's a lot of money (a classic example of the kind of 'small, deep hole' that's terrible for profits). Now, if you had a swap contract on the rate before you entered the trade, you're set; if the rate goes down, you get a payment under the swap. If it goes up, whatever payment you're making to the bank is netted off by the fact that you're borrowing at a sub-market rate. Win-win! Or, at least, Lose Less / Lose Less. That's the name of the game in hedging.
There are many different kinds of swaps, some of which are pretty exotic; but they're all different variations on the same theme. If your business has exposure to something which fluctuates in price, you trade swaps to hedge against the fluctuation. The valuation of swaps is also super interesting but I guarantee you that 99% of you won't understand it so I'm not going to try and explain it here although I encourage you to google it if you're interested.
Because they're OTC, none of them are filed publicly. Someeeeeetimes you see an ISDA (dsicussed below) but the confirms themselves (the individual swaps) are not filed. You can usually read about the hedging strategy in a 10-K, though. For what it's worth, most modern credit agreements ban speculative hedging. Top tip: This is occasionally something worth checking in credit agreements when you invest in businesses that are debt issuers - being able to do this increases the risk profile significantly and is particularly important in times of economic volatility (ctrl+f "non-speculative" in the credit agreement to be sure).
(ii) Forwards
A forward is a contract made today for the future delivery of an asset at a pre-agreed price. That's it. "But Fuzzy! That sounds just like a futures contract!". I know. Confusing, right? Just like a futures trade, forwards are generally used in commodity or forex land to protect against price fluctuations. The differences between forwards and futures are small but significant. I'm not going to go into super boring detail because I don't think many of you are commodities traders but it is still an important thing to understand even if you're just an RH jockey, so stick with me.
Just like swaps, forwards are OTC contracts - they're not publicly traded. This is distinct from futures, which are traded on exchanges (see The Ballad Of Big Dick Vick for some more color on this). In a forward, no money changes hands until the maturity date of the contract when delivery and receipt are carried out; price and quantity are locked in from day 1. As you now know having read about BDV, futures are marked to market daily, and normally people close them out with synthetic settlement using an inverse position. They're also liquid, and that makes them easier to unwind or close out in case shit goes sideways.
People use forwards when they absolutely have to get rid of the thing they made (or take delivery of the thing they need). If you're a miner, or a farmer, you use this shit to make sure that at the end of the production cycle, you can get rid of the shit you made (and you won't get fucked by someone taking cash settlement over delivery). If you're a buyer, you use them to guarantee that you'll get whatever the shit is that you'll need at a price agreed in advance. Because they're OTC, you can also exactly tailor them to the requirements of your particular circumstances.
These contracts are incredibly byzantine (and there are even crazier synthetic forwards you can see in money markets for the true degenerate fund managers). In my experience, only Texan oilfield magnates, commodities traders, and the weirdo forex crowd fuck with them. I (i) do not own a 10 gallon hat or a novelty size belt buckle (ii) do not wake up in the middle of the night freaking out about the price of pork fat and (iii) love greenbacks too much to care about other countries' monopoly money, so I don't fuck with them.
(iii) Collars
No, not the kind your wife is encouraging you to wear try out to 'spice things up' in the bedroom during quarantine. Collars are actually the hedging strategy most applicable to WSB. Collars deal with options! Hooray!
To execute a basic collar (also called a wrapper by tea-drinking Brits and people from the Antipodes), you buy an out of the money put while simultaneously writing a covered call on the same equity. The put protects your position against price drops and writing the call produces income that offsets the put premium. Doing this limits your tendies (you can only profit up to the strike price of the call) but also writes down your risk. If you screen large volume trades with a VOL/OI of more than 3 or 4x (and they're not bullshit biotech stocks), you can sometimes see these being constructed in real time as hedge funds protect themselves on their shorts.
(3) All About ISDAs, CDS and Synthetic CDOs
You may have heard about the mythical ISDA. Much like an indenture (discussed in my post on $F), it's a magic legal machine that lets you build swaps via trade confirms with a willing counterparty. They are very complicated legal documents and you need to be a true expert to fuck with them. Fortunately, I am, so I do. They're made of two parts; a Master (which is a form agreement that's always the same) and a Schedule (which amends the Master to include your specific terms). They are also the engine behind just about every major credit crunch of the last 10+ years.
First - a brief explainer. An ISDA is a not in and of itself a hedge - it's an umbrella contract that governs the terms of your swaps, which you use to construct your hedge position. You can trade commodities, forex, rates, whatever, all under the same ISDA.
Let me explain. Remember when we talked about swaps? Right. So. You can trade swaps on just about anything. In the late 90s and early 2000s, people had the smart idea of using other people's debt and or credit ratings as the variable leg of swap documentation. These are called credit default swaps. I was actually starting out at a bank during this time and, I gotta tell you, the only thing I can compare people's enthusiasm for this shit to was that moment in your early teens when you discover jerking off. Except, unlike your bathroom bound shame sessions to Mom's Sears catalogue, every single person you know felt that way too; and they're all doing it at once. It was a fiscal circlejerk of epic proportions, and the financial crisis was the inevitable bukkake finish. WSB autism is absolutely no comparison for the enthusiasm people had during this time for lighting each other's money on fire.
Here's how it works. You pick a company. Any company. Maybe even your own! And then you write a swap. In the swap, you define "Credit Event" with respect to that company's debt as the variable leg . And you write in... whatever you want. A ratings downgrade, default under the docs, failure to meet a leverage ratio or FCCR for a certain testing period... whatever. Now, this started out as a hedge position, just like we discussed above. The purest of intentions, of course. But then people realized - if bad shit happens, you make money. And banks... don't like calling in loans or forcing bankruptcies. Can you smell what the moral hazard is cooking?
Enter synthetic CDOs. CDOs are basically pools of asset backed securities that invest in debt (loans or bonds). They've been around for a minute but they got famous in the 2000s because a shitload of them containing subprime mortgage debt went belly up in 2008. This got a lot of publicity because a lot of sad looking rednecks got foreclosed on and were interviewed on CNBC. "OH!", the people cried. "Look at those big bad bankers buying up subprime loans! They caused this!". Wrong answer, America. The debt wasn't the problem. What a lot of people don't realize is that the real meat of the problem was not in regular way CDOs investing in bundles of shit mortgage debts in synthetic CDOs investing in CDS predicated on that debt. They're synthetic because they don't have a stake in the actual underlying debt; just the instruments riding on the coattails. The reason these are so popular (and remain so) is that smart structured attorneys and bankers like your faithful correspondent realized that an even more profitable and efficient way of building high yield products with limited downside was investing in instruments that profit from failure of debt and in instruments that rely on that debt and then hedging that exposure with other CDS instruments in paired trades, and on and on up the chain. The problem with doing this was that everyone wound up exposed to everybody else's books as a result, and when one went tits up, everybody did. Hence, recession, Basel III, etc. Thanks, Obama.
Heavy investment in CDS can also have a warping effect on the price of debt (something else that happened during the pre-financial crisis years and is starting to happen again now). This happens in three different ways. (1) Investors who previously were long on the debt hedge their position by selling CDS protection on the underlying, putting downward pressure on the debt price. (2) Investors who previously shorted the debt switch to buying CDS protection because the relatively illiquid debt (partic. when its a bond) trades at a discount below par compared to the CDS. The resulting reduction in short selling puts upward pressure on the bond price. (3) The delta in price and actual value of the debt tempts some investors to become NBTs (neg basis traders) who long the debt and purchase CDS protection. If traders can't take leverage, nothing happens to the price of the debt. If basis traders can take leverage (which is nearly always the case because they're holding a hedged position), they can push up or depress the debt price, goosing swap premiums etc. Anyway. Enough technical details.
I could keep going. This is a fascinating topic that is very poorly understood and explained, mainly because the people that caused it all still work on the street and use the same tactics today (it's also terribly taught at business schools because none of the teachers were actually around to see how this played out live). But it relates to the topic of today's lesson, so I thought I'd include it here.
Work depending, I'll be back next week with a covenant breakdown. Most upvoted ticker gets the post.
*EDIT 1\* In a total blowout, $PLAY won. So it's D&B time next week. Post will drop Monday at market open.
submitted by fuzzyblankeet to wallstreetbets [link] [comments]

Copy trading with eToro: impressions, doubts and (ignored) lessons

(no promotional content, no affiliate links)
Hi,
exactly four years ago, I started copying eToro investors / traders that I selected using the broker's built-in search engine (profitable in last two years, already being copied by others), followed by manual filtering, to take into account fluctuations in yearly returns, composition of their portfolios etc. With that, I got a list of 10 people whom I started to copy on a demo account:
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1u52f0XHfr-LauIscKcFDYF0yGTTUr6VY/view?usp=sharing
In the screenshot you can see that in case of the first two of them the amount invested was $10,000, while for the rest it was just $100. This is because I started copying the first two a couple of weeks earlier; eventually I changed this into $100 the same day I made the screenshot and this is when my calculations start - so this thing is irrelevant, I just cannot travel in time to make another screenshot.
What I did after that?
Well, within the next six weeks my profits oscillated between -$11 and +$9.50 (the biggest profit was on Nov 9, a day after US presidential elections). I found this "boring" and discontinued experimenting with copy trading.
Today I looked back at those ten traders. Here is what I found. Firstly, seven of them are not with eToro anymore; investorNo1, Simple-Stock-Mkt, tradingrelax, 4exPirate, primit, Gallojack, xjurokx. The other three traders are:
My observations and thoughts are as follows:
  1. Seven out of ten traders are not with eToro anymore, which makes me wonder why. I have no proof but my guess is they simply performed poorly, lost their copiers and closed their accounts. This is already alarming but what if they opened another account? Or, even worse, multiple accounts? They could be investing small money and try different risky approaches, hoping that at least one account will turn out profitable in the long turn, attracting potential copiers. (I'm not claiming that those 7 particular traders did this, it's just my general suspicion regarding some of eToro traders)
  2. I'm unable to calculate what would be my profit if I never stopped copying them, because I cannot check at what day and with what profit those seven traders left eToro. I'm guessing this would be an immense loss. On the other hand, considering the three traders who are still with eToro, I would lose more than a quarter of my assets!
What now?
I must be a quite adventurous person or at least an incorrigible optimist, because a month ago (exactly on Aug 26th) I started copying three traders with real money. Here is who they are.
rubymza (Heloise Greeff)

OlivierDanvel (Olivier Jean Andre Danvel)

rayvahey (Raymond Noel Vahey)
What was my strategy to hand-pick these particular traders? First I did some basic scanning using eToro's built-in search engine. The most important filter was that the trader was profitable within the last two years: unfortunately, eToro does not allow to reach details of earlier performance automatically. To know how the trader performed before 2019, I had to look at stats in the profile of each of them. I was also taking into account how often they trade (to avoid those who do only a couple of trades yearly), whether they were trading recently and whether they write posts regularly in their feed. With this, I got a list of fifteen candidates to copy:
As you already know, I finally chose three of them. Rubymza seemed to be the most trustworthy stock trader, based on profits, posts feed and regular trading, among other things. Regarding OlivierDanvel, his uniqueness is the ability to record continuous profits with the Forex market. Finally, with rayvahey I wanted to increase my exposure to the commodities market.
Wish me good luck!
Michael

P.S.
You might find those copy-trading related readings interesting:

Disclosures:
submitted by investing-scientist2 to InvestmentClub [link] [comments]

LIVE FOREX TRADING: 4-15-20 LIVE FOREX TRADING: 3-5-20 Trading was boring? That's how it should be! Most Boring Forex Trader Lifestyle You'll Ever See Forex live trade gbpusd boring sikit The Most Boring Thing In Forex That Makes You The Most Amount Of Money Forex: Why I Prefer Swing Trading! 📈📉🤑 - YouTube Day Traders will NEVER Trade $BA

I have been trading forex (at the time of writing) for about a year and a half and in that time I have tried everything (and I mean everything) to try and make a consistent profit. I have tried trading 1 min charts, 5 min charts, 15 min charts and I know for a FACT that trading 15 min charts using pivot points on GBP/USD IS a profitable method BUT to make money CONSISTENTLY you need to have ... Forex Trading is Boring… yawn. By Dr. Pipslow. May 29, 2006 10:10 PM UTC in Psychology. Partner Center Find a Broker. America’s true past-time, baseball (sorry, not Forex), is in the lime light again in the States with Barry Bonds’s record breaking 714th and 715th home run hits. Barry surpassed the great Babe Ruth for the number two spot on the all-time career home run list. What an ... If you're trading forex properly, it should be boring. You should be doing nothing most of the time and you need to learn to embrace, to even enjoy doing nothing in the market, because as I will explain in today's lesson, a bored trader is often a successful trader. It’s true that proprietary trading desks can make a lot of money in years when markets are easy, the good years. However they can also make thumping great losses in bad years. If proprietary trading grows too big in proportion to the balance sheet of the firm, trouble is not far away. This same rule applies to the private trader as well ... Why Boring is Beautiful in Forex Trading. Christopher Lewis on March 06, 2019 Updated On Mar 06, 2019 1. Both winning and losing streaks can be detrimental . 2. You are competing against professionals, act like it. 3. Finally, keep things in perspective. 4. Be able to walk away. Like most things in the world that involve money, there is a lot of deception in the Forex world. Some of it ... The reality is that good Forex trading is boring. If you find yourself doing just about anything you see floor traders doing in the movies, something has gone terribly wrong. Those are the guys you see shouting, jumping and shoving others out of there way to get orders placed. I should mention that even those days are gone as trading on the floor of the major exchanges has been reduced to a ... How to Make Forex Trading Boring. Here are the 5 ways that I have seen successful traders make trading much less exciting and a whole lot more profitable. Also be sure to read the 7 unconventional rules of successful FX traders. 1. Discover Your True Personality. This one can take time and a lot of effort. We would think that since we have to live with ourselves every day, that we would know ...

[index] [16456] [27175] [22809] [5207] [8672] [1998] [22548] [388] [3731] [28643]

LIVE FOREX TRADING: 4-15-20

Risk Disclosure: Futures and forex trading contains substantial risk and is not for every investor. An investor could potentially lose all or more than the initial investment. Risk capital is ... Trade Major Pairs Sahaja, Dan Jangan Langgar Correlation Of Pairs & USD Index Dalam Forex Trading - Duration: 15:23. TFS Price Action Trading 9,781 views Cyber Trading University provides trading education, mentorship, and trading strategies for day trading stocks, options trading, swing trading, investing and forex trading. Please subscribe for ... we are all here to learn and progress as traders and make trading less boring. This is for educational purposes only! Do not try at home!-live forex trading www.higherstandardtrading.com FOR ... Hey, it’s Mark Shawzin The Pattern Trader. Most people trade Forex for the action and most of them believe that winning trades are what makes you money but that couldn't be further from the truth. Mentorship link in IG bio @paulweidner94 and on youtube channel home page we are all here to learn and progress as traders and make trading less boring. #forex #forexlifestyle #forextrader Want to join the A1 Trading Team? See trades taken by our top trading analysts, join our live trading chatroom, and acces... A lot of people think that the forex trader lifestyle is all about cars, vacations and mansions. Honestly, I'm sick and tired of seeing the typical forex trader life video that you see on youtube.

http://binaryoptiontrade.sthetessulcont.tk